Key Message Update

Rains continue in March, but maize crop potential remains reduced in most areas

March 2018

March - May 2018

Projected food security outcomes, March - May 2018.

June - September 2018

Projected food security outcomes, June-September 2018.

IPC 2.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
National Parks/Reserves
Would likely be at least one phase worse without current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.

IPC 2.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
National Parks/Reserves
Would likely be at least one phase worse without current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.

IPC 2.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

IPC 2.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

Presence countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
National Parks/Reserves
Remote monitoring
countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

Key Messages

  • Widespread rains occurred in February and March across most of the country, especially in the north. Despite this, crops that survived the extended dry spells in December and January show evidence of reduced yield potential in most areas. Persistent rains are also causing leaching and waterlogging among crops in some parts of the country and limited access to top-dressing fertilizers is causing nutrient deficiency among others. Consumption of the green harvest has started in some areas and this is improving food diversity, consumption patterns, and incomes, especially among poor households.

  • The heavy rains have worsened road conditions  in most parts of the country, affecting marketing activities. Maize grain supplies on most markets are decreasing as the marketing season comes to an end. In comparison to January, maize grain prices for February ($0.35/kg) remained stable and were about 15 percent below the five-year average and the February 2017 prices. The 2018-19 tobacco selling season starts on 21 March and expectations are that tobacco sales could help ease the acute foreign currency shortages.

  • Most typical surplus-producing areas in the north are expected to maintain Minimal (IPC Phase 1) and Stressed (IPC Phase 2) food security outcomes due to carry-over stocks from last season, as well as stocks from the 2018 harvests. In the typical grain surplus areas, some poor households will face challenges meeting their livelihood protection needs due to poor livelihood options. Most southern and other typical deficit areas are expected to experience Stressed (IPC Phase 2) and Crisis (IPC Phase 3) outcomes in March, and this will extend into April in most areas. Most typical grain deficit areas will be Stressed (IPC Phase 2) between May and June as households consume own-produced stocks from the 2018 harvests, which will marginally improve their food security situation.

  • Between July and September, Crisis (IPC Phase 3) outcomes are expected across most typical grain deficit districts in the south. In these areas poor households are expected to exhaust their own production food stocks during this period and humanitarian assistance will be required to help households to meet their minimum food needs and protect livelihoods.   

About FEWS NET

The Famine Early Warning Systems Network is a leading provider of early warning and analysis on food insecurity. Created by USAID in 1985 to help decision-makers plan for humanitarian crises, FEWS NET provides evidence-based analysis on approximately 30 countries. Implementing team members include NASA, NOAA, USDA, USGS, and CHC-UCSB, along with Chemonics International Inc. and Kimetrica.
Learn more About Us.

Link to United States Agency for International Development (USAID)Link to the United States Geological Survey's (USGS) FEWS NET Data PortalLink to U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA)
Link to National Aeronautics and Space Administration's (NASA) Earth ObservatoryLink to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's (NOAA) National Weather Service, Climage Prediction CenterLink to the Climate Hazards Center - UC Santa BarbaraLink to KimetricaLink to Chemonics