Afghanistan

Remotely Monitored Country
Beginning in January 2022, FEWS NET transitioned from a physical presence in Afghanistan to a remote monitoring posture. FEWS NET remotely monitors countries through platforms based in neighboring presence countries and associated regional and US-based hubs.
July 2022

IPC 2.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Would likely be at least one phase worse without current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.

IPC 2.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

IPC 2.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

Presence countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Remote monitoring
countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

CIF 2.0 Fase de Insegurida d Alimentaria Aguda

1: Mínima
2: Acentuada
3: Crisis
4: Emergencia
5: Hambruna
Se estima que seria al menos una fase peor sin ayuda humanitaria actual o programada
La manera de clasificación que utiliza FEWS NET es compatible con la CIF. Un análisisque es compatible con la CIF sigue los protocolos fundamentales de CIF pero nonecesariamente refleja el consenso de los socios nacionales en materia de seguridad alimentaria.

CIF 2.0 Fase de Insegurida d Alimentaria Aguda

1: Mínima
2: Acentuada
3+: Crisis o peor
Se estima que seria al menos una fase
peor sin ayuda humanitaria actual o programada
La manera de clasificación que utiliza FEWS NET es compatible con la CIF. Un análisisque es compatible con la CIF sigue los protocolos fundamentales de CIF pero nonecesariamente refleja el consenso de los socios nacionales en materia de seguridad alimentaria.
Para los países de Monitoreo Remoto, FEWS NET utiliza un contorno de color en el mapa CIF que representa la clasificación más alta de CIF en las áreas de preocupación.

CIF 2.0 Fase de Insegurida d Alimentaria Aguda

Países presenciales:
1: Mínima
2: Acentuada
3: Crisis
4: Emergencia
5: Hambruna
Países de monitoreo remoto:
1: Mínima
2: Acentuada
3+: Crisis o peor
Se estima que seria al menos una fase
peor sin ayuda humanitaria actual o programada
Para los países de Monitoreo Remoto, FEWS NET utiliza un contorno de color en el mapa CIF que representa la clasificación más alta de CIF en las áreas de preocupación.

IPC 2.0 Phase d'Insécurité Alimentaire Aiguë

1: Minimale
2: Stress
3: Crise
4: Urgence
5: Famine
Serait probablement pire, au moins une phase, sans l'assistance humanitaire en cours ou programmée
La manière de classification que FEWS NET utilise est compatible avec l’IPC. Une analyse qui est compatible avec l’IPC suit les principaux protocoles de l’IPC mais ne reflète pas nécessairement le consensus des partenaires nationaux en matière de sécurité alimentaire.

IPC 2.0 Phase d'Insécurité Alimentaire Aiguë

1: Minimale
2: Stress
3+: Crise ou pire
Serait probablement pire, au moins une phase, sans
l'assistance humanitaire en cours ou programmée
La manière de classification que FEWS NET utilise est compatible avec l’IPC. Une analyse qui est compatible avec l’IPC suit les principaux protocoles de l’IPC mais ne reflète pas nécessairement le consensus des partenaires nationaux en matière de sécurité alimentaire.
Pour les pays suivis à distance par FEWS NET, un contour coloré est utilisé pour représenter la classification de l’IPC la plus élevée dans les zones de préoccupation.

IPC 2.0 Phase d'Insécurité Alimentaire Aiguë

Pays de présence:
1: Minimale
2: Stress
3: Crise
4: Urgence
5: Famine
Pays suivis à distance:
1: Minimale
2: Stress
3+: Crise ou pire
Serait probablement pire, au moins une phase, sans
l'assistance humanitaire en cours ou programmée
Pour les pays suivis à distance par FEWS NET, un contour coloré est utilisé pour représenter la classification de l’IPC la plus élevée dans les zones de préoccupation.

CIF 2.0 Fase de Insegurança Alimentar Aguda Baseado

1: Minima
2: Stress
3: Crise
4: Emergência
5: Fome
Poderia ser pior sem a assistência humanitária em vigor ou programad
A maneira de classificação que utiliza FEWS NET é compatível com a CIF. A análise compatível com a CIF segue os protocolos fundamentais da CIF mas não necessariamente reflete o consenso dos parceirosnacionais com respeito a segurança alimentar.

CIF 2.0 Fase de Insegurança Alimentar Aguda Baseado

1: Minima
2: Stress
3+: Crise ou pior
Poderia ser pior sem a assistência
humanitária em vigor ou programad
A maneira de classificação que utiliza FEWS NET é compatível com a CIF. A análise compatível com a CIF segue os protocolos fundamentais da CIF mas não necessariamente reflete o consenso dos parceirosnacionais com respeito a segurança alimentar.
Para os países de Monitoreo Remoto, FEWS NET utiliza um contorno de cor no mapa CIF para representar a classificação mais alta da CIF nas áreas de preocupação.

CIF 2.0 Fase de Insegurança Alimentar Aguda Baseado

Países com presença:
1: Minima
2: Stress
3: Crise
4: Emergência
5: Fome
Países sem presença:
1: Minima
2: Stress
3+: Crise ou pior
Poderia ser pior sem a assistência
humanitária em vigor ou programad
Para os países de Monitoreo Remoto, FEWS NET utiliza um contorno de cor no mapa CIF para representar a classificação mais alta da CIF nas áreas de preocupação.

July - September 2022

October 2022 - January 2023

IPC v3.1 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.
Key Messages
  • Since the beginning of the year, Afghanistan has been significantly impacted by multiple earthquakes and flash floods. On June 22, a 5.9 magnitude earthquake struck Paktika and Khost provinces, affecting an estimated 361,634 people. The earthquake damaged or destroyed 4,500 homes and many people continue to live in makeshift shelters or in open spaces as of late July. Meanwhile, in July, atypically heavy rainfall during the dry season has caused flash flooding in many areas. Many natural disaster-affected households have lost traditional sources of food and income and are expected to need humanitarian assistance. Conflict in Panjsher and Baghlan also continues to disrupt livelihoods and drive displacement. For some worst-affected poor households who have been displaced, Crisis (IPC Phase 3) outcomes would be likely to persist through at least January 2023 in the absence of assistance due to limited income-earning opportunities and high prices in the winter and lean seasons.

  • Wheat harvesting has concluded in most lower elevation areas and is expected to last from early August to around mid-October in higher elevation areas. Planting of second-season crops—mainly maize, rice, and some other cash crops, including cotton—has started in lower elevation areas. In northern parts of the country, harvesting of fruit such as melon and watermelon is supporting seasonal improvements in income-earning from crop sales and labor opportunities. Fruit production is likely to be near average and better than last year given the use of groundwater for irrigation and the absence of pests, diseases, or periods of frost. In much of the central highlands, particularly in Bamyan Province, the area planted with potatoes during the 2021/2022 season is reported to be almost the same as the previous year, with average harvests likely in the coming couple of months.

  • Due to prolonged dryness during the spring and above-average temperatures in June across much of the north, northeastern, western, and central highlands regions, pasture conditions are expected to be worse than normal across most of the country, with northern areas worst affected. However, many pastoralist households are reportedly grazing their livestock in failed rainfed wheat fields or buying fodder from the northeastern provinces (Kunduz and Takhar). Though fodder prices are above average, pastoralists are generally able to recover the costs from above-average livestock prices, according to key informants, though this is resulting in higher-priced meat and dairy products for consumers. However, WFP data suggests that livestock prices are below average in western Badghis and Herat provinces and central Ghazni and Wardak provinces, which could be indicative of atypical livestock sales due to scarce pasture and water resources.

  • Fuel prices have risen sharply in June and July, according to data from WFP. At the national level, the price of diesel averaged 119 AFN/L in the last two weeks of July 2022,[1] 24 percent higher than the June 2022 average and more than double prices recorded in July of last year. This is exerting upward pressure on prices of food and non-food commodities. Despite the harvesting period, prices of wheat flour (low price) increased by 7 percent from May to June and declined by only 4 percent from June to July, on average at the national level. Though prices of cooking oil and pulses declined by 6 percent and remained stable (declined by 1 percent), respectively, from June to July, the cost of WFP’s minimum food basket[2] in July remained 43 percent higher than the same time last year. Prices have increased significantly in both urban and rural areas.

  • Current and upcoming harvesting of wheat, potatoes, fruits, and other crops—along with some income from the sale of livestock and livestock products—is expected to continue providing rural households with food and income, with the number of people facing Crisis (IPC Phase 3) outcomes expected to continue declining as harvesting progresses before the onset of the winter. Around August, harvesting in higher elevation areas is expected to improve outcomes to Stressed (IPC Phase 2). However, very poor macroeconomic conditions, reduced access to typical sources of income (including from labor and remittances from Iran), and above-average prices will continue to drive Crisis (IPC Phase 3) outcomes for worst-affected market-dependent households in both rural and urban areas. In rural areas worst-affected by poor crop and livestock production, area-level Crisis (IPC Phase 3) outcomes are likely to re-emerge by January 2023.


    [1] Data for the first two weeks of July are not available

    [2] Includes 100 kg of wheat flour, 9.1 kg of cooking oil, and 12.5 kg of pulses

Food Security

Afghanistan Food Security Classification (July 2021 - January 2022)

Near term (July 2021 - September 2021) food security outcomes and forward-looking analysis representing the most likely food security outcomes for medium term (October 2021 - January 2022) periods.

Downloads

Markets & Trade

Price Bulletin

Market Fundamentals Reports

Supply and Market Outlook

Livelihoods

Livelihoods Zone Narrative

Livelihood Zone Map

About FEWS NET

The Famine Early Warning Systems Network is a leading provider of early warning and analysis on food insecurity. Created by USAID in 1985 to help decision-makers plan for humanitarian crises, FEWS NET provides evidence-based analysis on approximately 30 countries. Implementing team members include NASA, NOAA, USDA, USGS, and CHC-UCSB, along with Chemonics International Inc. and Kimetrica.
Learn more About Us.

Link to United States Agency for International Development (USAID)Link to the United States Geological Survey's (USGS) FEWS NET Data PortalLink to U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA)
Link to National Aeronautics and Space Administration's (NASA) Earth ObservatoryLink to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's (NOAA) National Weather Service, Climage Prediction CenterLink to the Climate Hazards Center - UC Santa BarbaraLink to KimetricaLink to Chemonics