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Sierra Leone Trader Survey Report Round 14

  • Special Report
  • Sierra Leone
  • December 29, 2015
Sierra Leone Trader Survey Report Round 14

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  • Key Messages
  • Preface

  • Preface

    Between November 2014 and October 2015, FEWS NET worked with Mobile Accord (GeoPoll) to conduct fourteen rounds of SMS-based trader surveys in Liberia and Sierra Leone on the status of market activities and operating costs. Liberia and Sierra Leone are FEWS NET remote monitoring countries. In remote monitoring countries, analysts typically work from a regional office, relying on a network of partners for information. As less data may be available, remote monitoring reports may have less detail than FEWS NET presence countries. The SMS-based survey results serve to corroborate key informant and partner reports on market activities and serve as inputs to FEWS NET’s integrated food security analysis on the impacts of the Ebola outbreak. The first round of data collection identified a sample of traders to monitor fundamental market characteristics (Table 1). During the second through sixth rounds, the survey focused on market activities, while the subsequent rounds inquired about both market and agricultural activities. Data was collected on a bi-weekly basis for rounds 2-6 and on a monthly basis thereafter.

    Key Messages
    • This report provides a summary of findings from a FEWS NET trader survey using a SMS-based platform through GeoPoll during the week of October 5th, 2015 (fourteenth round of data collection). The sample includes 262 small to large-scale traders across 14 districts in Sierra Leone (Figure 1).

    • Forty percent of respondents were local rice traders and 28 percent were imported rice traders, followed by palm oil (17 percent), and cassava (15 percent).

    • During the week of October 5th, 21 percent of survey respondents reported that the most important market in their area operated at reduced levels (Figures 2 and 3), and two percent of traders reported market closures.

    • Twenty-three percent of traders indicated that market supplies of main commodities were lower than the previous month (Figure 4).

    • High transport costs was the most frequently cited reason for reduced market supplies since the previous month (Figure 5).

    • Forty-three percent of respondents indicated that the current primary agricultural activity is harvesting (Figure 10). Forty-five percent of respondents reported normal and on-time agricultural activities (Figure 9).

    • Forty-eight percent of respondents reported reduced agricultural wage opportunities compared to normal at this time (Figure 8). Twenty-two percent of traders reported that their cash crop sales were lower than the previous month (Figure 7).

    Occasionally, FEWS NET will publish a Special Report that serves to provide an in-depth analysis of food security issues of particular concern that are not covered in FEWS NET’s regular monthly reporting. These reports may focus on a specific factor driving food security outcomes anywhere in the world during a specified period of time. For example, in 2019, FEWS NET produced a Special Report on widespread flooding in East Africa and its associated impacts on regional food security.

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