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Increased staple food prices limit food access for many

  • Key Message Update
  • Nigeria
  • May 2016
Increased staple food prices limit food access for many

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  • Key Messages
  • Key Messages
    • Although the monthly totals of conflict-related deaths in northeast Nigeria has not increased greatly over the last year (Council on Foreign Relations), sporadic attacks remain a threat. Impact on affected households’ livelihood activities as well as regional food flows and internal displacement remain substantial. Limited off-season activities and above-average staple food prices have further left households with limited availability and access to food. Most conflict-affected households are facing gaps in their basic food needs and will remain in Crisis (IPC Phase 3) acute food insecurity through at least September.

    • Fuel pump prices increased by about 67 percent from April to May with resulting rises in transportation costs and staple food prices driving the inflation rate from 12.8 to 13.7 percent from April to May. Similarly, the Nigerian Naira (NGN) continues to depreciate against foreign currencies, reducing households’ purchasing power and food access. Some poor urban and rural households are expected to face increased difficulty in food access through the lean season between July and September.

    • Outside of the northeast, most households will rely on markets for food and will engage in typical agricultural labor activities to earn income from May to September. Early green harvests of yams and maize, wild foods collection and livestock sales will also provide additional food and income sources. Most areas will remain in Minimal (IPC Phase 1) acute food insecurity, although some households will face Stressed (IPC Phase 2) levels through September as they resort to atypical labor work, indebtedness and consumption of less preferred foods.

    • Cattle rustling is escalating beyond the Northwest along the annual livestock migration routes, which typically cover the southern part of the country from March to June. Community-level conflict between pastoralists and farmers in the central states as well as militant activities in the Niger Delta region are further restricting herd movement and limiting access to forage and water resources. As some pastoralists avoid these areas and others lose cattle, the overall livestock supplies are diminishing, livestock prices are increasing and pastoralists’ income sources are threatened.

    This Key Message Update provides a high-level analysis of current acute food insecurity conditions and any changes to FEWS NET's latest projection of acute food insecurity outcomes in the specified geography. Learn more here.

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