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Increase in livelihoods assistance to northeast as food security outcomes remain severe

  • Key Message Update
  • Nigeria
  • January 2018
Increase in livelihoods assistance to northeast as food security outcomes remain severe

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  • Key Messages
  • Key Messages
    • The high number of conflict events and related population displacement in Borno State and smaller areas in Yobe and Adamawa States, coupled with trade restrictions, limited humanitarian and market access, and an influx of refugees, continue to drive severe acute food insecurity in the area. A large percentage of the population in the northeast is facing Crisis (IPC Phase 3) or Emergency (IPC Phase 4) outcomes. Analysis of contributing factors continues to suggest an elevated risk of Famine (IPC Phase 5) in inaccessible areas.

    • Households outside of the northeast of Nigeria are primarily consuming own-produced food, and are engaged in normal livelihood activities such as the sale of livestock, cash crops, and their own labor to earn income. Off-season activities, migratory labor work and wild food collection are providing increased access to food and income for poor households. Most poor households in these areas are facing Minimal (IPC Phase 1) acute food insecurity.

    • Humanitarian assistance deliveries in Borno, Yobe, and Adamawa States were increased substantially in 2017. Over 1.6 million and 2.5 million people received food assistance in January and November, respectively. Livelihoods and agricultural support has also increased substantially, with more than 2 million people assisted each month since September 2017. However, food assistance deliveries declined in December 2017, to just over 2 million people reached.  

    • Off-season activities are underway along major floodplains. Various humanitarian actors including FAO are assisting approximately 110,000 households across Adamawa, Borno, and Yobe States mainly with fertilizer and seeds for vegetable and rice production. Meanwhile, conflict between pastoralists and farmers has persisted in the central states, including in Benue, Nasarawa, Taraba, Plateau, Kaduna, and Adamawa. Recently, substantial populations have been displaced, and livestock killed, in Benue, Taraba, Adamawa, and Plateau States. Reprisal attacks have led to fatalities and have constrained access to grazing areas. 

    This Key Message Update provides a high-level analysis of current acute food insecurity conditions and any changes to FEWS NET's latest projection of acute food insecurity outcomes in the specified geography. Learn more here.

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