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Restricted livelihoods and below-average incomes continue in conflict-prone areas of the northeast

  • Key Message Update
  • Nigeria
  • January 2016
Restricted livelihoods and below-average incomes continue in conflict-prone areas of the northeast

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  • Key Messages
  • Key Messages
    • Boko Haram-related conflict has led to continued population displacements, restricted income-generating opportunities, limited trade flows and elevated food prices in the northeast in comparison to other areas of Nigeria. Due to the resulting reduced food availability and access, local and IDP populations in worst-affected areas of Borno, Yobe and Adamawa states will continue to experience food consumption gaps, in line with Crisis (IPC Phase 3) acute food insecurity, through March 2016 despite limited levels of humanitarian assistance to the region. 

    • The most recent estimates by IOM/NEMA indicate that there are approximately 1.4 million internally displaced persons in Borno state, although the actual IDP population may be somewhat larger due to IDPs located in inaccessible areas, such as Dikwa, Bama, Baga, and Gamboru. These large IDP populations have overstretched the support capacity of many already vulnerable host communities and as a result, IDPs are resorting to a variety of other coping strategies, such as firewood sales, intense labor work and indebtedness, to improve their access to food and income. 

    • In northern Adamawa, the level of conflict has substantially declined, leading to improved humanitarian access and market functioning, as well as an increased number of returnees. Although sporadic attacks by Boko Haram and related military responses have maintained fear and the temporary relocation of certain households during military operations, crop production and household livelihoods have been less affected compared to other parts of the northeast. Consequently, households in these areas will face Stressed (IPC Phase 2) acute food insecurity through March.

    • The avian influenza outbreak has spread to 24 states and has resulted in the depopulation of over 2.5 million birds. Although compensation for the depopulated birds is underway, the outbreak will reduce labor opportunities and income for poor households employed in the poultry sector. However, as the affected populations will be less than 20 percent of the total population in all areas of the country, Minimal (IPC Phase 1) acute food insecurity is still projected outside of the northeast. 

      For more detailed analysis, see the Food Security Outlook Update for December 2015.


    Figure 4


    This Key Message Update provides a high-level analysis of current acute food insecurity conditions and any changes to FEWS NET's latest projection of acute food insecurity outcomes in the specified geography. Learn more here.

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