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Nigeria

Presence country
Nigeria
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Food Security Outlook
February - September 2024
Macroeconomic crisis and conflict sustain Emergency (IPC Phase 4) in parts of northeast through September
  • Across the north, elevated levels of conflict associated with the insurgency, banditry, and farmer/herder conflict have disrupted livelihood activities, resulted in loss of assets, and driven population displacement in early 2024. Significant increases in kidnapping for ransom from December to February have incited high levels of fear and increased the risk of engaging in income-generating activities. By February, poor households have largely exhausted their below-average harvests, resulting in the early reliance on market purchases for food. However, the poor economic conditions have severely deteriorated household purchasing power. This, compounded by the impacts of heightened insecurity and below-average main season harvests, is limiting household access to food atypically early in the post-harvest period. In the north, from February to September, an increasing number of households will likely rely on negative coping strategies to meet their minimum food needs or face food consumption gaps and Crisis (IPC Phase 3) outcomes, particularly in Borno, Yobe, Sokoto, Zamfara, Katsina, Kaduna, and Niger states. In the worst conflict-affected and inaccessible areas of the northeast, particularly in Bama, Marte, Guzamala, and Abadam LGAs in Borno, households are expected to have limited access to income and low mobility, poor market functionality and depleted coping capacity, sustaining Emergency (IPC Phase 4) outcomes through September 2024.
  • The macroeconomic crisis continues to deepen in early 2024, severely deteriorating household purchasing power, financial access to food, and engagement in livelihood activities. Inflation hit a 28-year high of 31.8 percent in February, largely driven by food and fuel prices, continued national revenue generation deficits, and currency devaluation. By the end of February, the official exchange rate of the Nigerian Naira (NGN) to USD reached roughly 1,500 NGN/USD, relative to 907 NGN/USD in December 2023 – a 65 percent depreciation in two months. In January, the post-harvest period, staple food prices surpassed the prices recorded during the peak of the 2023 lean season in August and are well over 100 percent higher than last January in several key reference markets. In urban, the deteriorating economic conditions are severely impacting household purchasing power and financial access to food. In February, several reports of the looting of food trucks along major urban roadways and food warehouses in urban areas have increased, such as in Niger and Kaduna states, Abuja Federal Capital Territory. From February to September, an increasing number of households in urban areas are anticipated to face Stressed (IPC Phase 2) and Crisis (IPC Phase 3) outcomes.
  • According to the Nigeria Nutrition Sector, the acute malnutrition caseload in northeast Nigeria is atypically elevated and showing highly alarming trends for the post-harvest period. This is likely due to the compounding negative impacts of the below-average harvests and the economic crisis resulting in poor food consumption and the high levels of morbidity amid concurrent measles and diphtheria outbreaks across the north. In Borno, Yobe, and Adamawa states, in January and February 2024, admissions of children under five with Severe Acute Malnutrition (SAM) are nearly 70 percent higher than they were in early 2023, and the highest on record in the last six years. The Nutrition Sector has reported a considerable increase in the proportion of children admitted to stabilization centers with SAM with complications in the last three months.
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Food Security
Key Message Update Escalating conflict in north and deteriorating economy to sustain high needs post-harvest Nigeria January 2024
Food Security Outlook Update Below-average cereal harvests and poor macroeconomy to drive high post-harvest food needs in north Nigeria December 2023
Key Message Update Below-average harvest and poor macroeconomy sustain Crisis (IPC Phase 3) or worse outcomes in north Nigeria November 2023
Agroclimatology
No reports available.
Markets & Trade
Price Bulletin Nigeria Price Bulletin Nigeria March 2024
Price Bulletin Nigeria Price Bulletin Nigeria February 2024
Price Bulletin Nigeria Price Bulletin Nigeria January 2024
Alerts / Special Reports
No reports available.
Food Security
Key Message Update Escalating conflict in north and deteriorating economy to sustain high needs post-harvest Nigeria January 2024
Food Security Outlook Update Below-average cereal harvests and poor macroeconomy to drive high post-harvest food needs in north Nigeria December 2023
Key Message Update Below-average harvest and poor macroeconomy sustain Crisis (IPC Phase 3) or worse outcomes in north Nigeria November 2023
Agroclimatology
No reports available.
Markets & Trade
Price Bulletin Nigeria Price Bulletin Nigeria March 2024
Price Bulletin Nigeria Price Bulletin Nigeria February 2024
Price Bulletin Nigeria Price Bulletin Nigeria January 2024
Alerts / Special Reports
No reports available.
Food Security Classification Data View all Nigeria classification data
Nigeria Acute Food Insecurity Classification (February 2024 - September 2024)

Current (February 2024) food security outcomes and forward-looking analysis representing the most likely food security outcomes for the near term (February 2024 - May 2024) and medium term (June 2024 - September 2024) periods.

Nigeria Acute Food Insecurity Classification Shapefile February 2024 (.zip) (ZIP) Nigeria Acute Food Insecurity Classification February 2024 (.geojson) (GeoJSON) Current Situation: February 2024 (.png) (PNG) Near Term Projection: February 2024 - May 2024 (.png) (PNG) Medium Term Projection: June 2024 - September 2024 (.png) (PNG) Current Situation: February 2024 (.kml) (KML) Near Term Projection: February 2024 - May 2024 (.kml) (KML) Medium Term Projection: June 2024 - September 2024 (.kml) (KML)
Nigeria Acute Food Insecurity Classification (January 2024 - May 2024)

Forward-looking analysis representing the most likely food security outcomes for the near term (January 2024) and medium term (February 2024 - May 2024) periods.

Nigeria Acute Food Insecurity Classification Shapefile January 2024 (.zip) (ZIP) Nigeria Acute Food Insecurity Classification January 2024 (.geojson) (GeoJSON) Near Term Projection: January 2024 (.png) (PNG) Medium Term Projection: February 2024 - May 2024 (.png) (PNG) Near Term Projection: January 2024 (.kml) (KML) Medium Term Projection: February 2024 - May 2024 (.kml) (KML)
Nigeria Acute Food Insecurity Classification (December 2023 - May 2024)

Forward-looking analysis representing the most likely food security outcomes for the near term (December 2023 - January 2024) and medium term (February 2024 - May 2024) periods.

Nigeria Acute Food Insecurity Classification Shapefile December 2023 (.zip) (ZIP) Nigeria Acute Food Insecurity Classification December 2023 (.geojson) (GeoJSON) Near Term Projection: December 2023 - January 2024 (.png) (PNG) Medium Term Projection: February 2024 - May 2024 (.png) (PNG) Near Term Projection: December 2023 - January 2024 (.kml) (KML) Medium Term Projection: February 2024 - May 2024 (.kml) (KML)
Seasonal Calendar Seasonal Calendar
Description

The Seasonal Calendar shows the annual and cyclical patterns of key food and income sources in a country throughout the typical year.

Nigeria Seasonal Calendar
Production & Trade Flow Maps
FEWS NET captures the market networks for a product in a given country or region, including their catchments and trade flow patterns.
Cassava, Normal Year Cowpea, Normal Year Livestock, Normal Year Maize, Normal Year Millet, Normal Year Sorghum, Normal Year
Satellite-Derived Products Satellite-Derived Products
Description

USGS-provided data and imagery supports FEWS NET's monitoring efforts of weather and climate throughout the world.

View all Satellite-Derived Products
Livelihood Zone Resources Livelihood Zone Resources
Revised Livelihoods Zone Map and Descriptions for Nigeria, September 2008 Nigeria Livelihood Zone Summaries, November 2014 Preliminary Livelihoods Zoning: Northern Nigeria, March 2007 Nigeria Livelihood Zone Map, September 2018
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