Key Message Update

Attacks by armed groups are increasingly targeting civilian populations and are expanding southward

May 2021

May 2021

June - September 2021

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Would likely be at least one phase worse without current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Would likely be at least one phase worse without current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

Presence countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Remote monitoring
countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

Key Messages

  • The security situation is experiencing new developments with attacks that are increasingly targeting civilian populations and expanding to agro-pastoral and agricultural areas of the country. This deterioration of the security situation is especially observed in the regions of Tillabéry, Tahoua and Diffa. Information by key informants suggest that some entire agricultural villages have been abandoned in the department of Tillabéry following attacks or threats of attacks by armed groups. In addition to the negative impacts on trade flows, insecurity is negatively impacting agricultural activities for the ongoing season.

  • In the calmer areas of the country, the agricultural season has started to set in with recorded rains in some agricultural areas where sowing is being carried out. These sowings, which can be considered early, are however weak in terms of geographical coverage.

  • Markets are well supplied, but commodity prices are 15-30 percent above last year and the five-year average. In order to maintain market supply, traders must use very long alternative circuits which significantly increase transportation costs. Additionally, above average and longer lasting institutional demand is also increasing food prices.

  • The lean season is at its peak in pastoral areas. Despite the reduction in the mobility of herds of animals due to insecurity within the country and on the borders, the good fodder production of the past campaign and the availability of water for watering allowed the livestock to maintain an average physical condition. The market values ​​of animals are generally average, but the situation is more favorable for small ruminants due to the strong demand in anticipation of the Tabaski festival. In conflict-affected areas, most livestock prices are below average due to low demand, and the above average selling off of livestock to meet food costs and to avoid looting and theft by armed groups.

  • Food assistance operations continue to benefit vulnerable populations, at least 50 percent of whom receive food aid covering food consumption needs. This food aid reaches poor and vulnerable households in all areas including those of Diffa and Maradi affected by insecurity but not to those of Tillabéry and North Tahoua where insecurity limits humanitarian access.

  • Most households across the country are facing Minimal (Phase 1 IPC) food security outcomes, with however food insecurity in Stress (Phase 2 IPC) in the pastoral zone and in pockets in agricultural and agro-pastoral zones. Poor households are anticipated to face Stressed! (Phase 2! IPC) food insecurity in the region of Diffa and South of the region of Maradi due to ongoing humanitarian food assistance. Crisis (Phase 3 IPC) outcomes are anticipated in the North and Center of the region of Tillabéry and North Tahoua.

About FEWS NET

The Famine Early Warning Systems Network is a leading provider of early warning and analysis on food insecurity. Created by USAID in 1985 to help decision-makers plan for humanitarian crises, FEWS NET provides evidence-based analysis on approximately 30 countries. Implementing team members include NASA, NOAA, USDA, USGS, and CHC-UCSB, along with Chemonics International Inc. and Kimetrica.
Learn more About Us.

Link to United States Agency for International Development (USAID)Link to the United States Geological Survey's (USGS) FEWS NET Data PortalLink to U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA)
Link to National Aeronautics and Space Administration's (NASA) Earth ObservatoryLink to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's (NOAA) National Weather Service, Climage Prediction CenterLink to the Climate Hazards Center - UC Santa BarbaraLink to KimetricaLink to Chemonics