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Attacks by armed groups are increasingly targeting civilian populations and are expanding southward

  • Key Message Update
  • Niger
  • May 2021
Attacks by armed groups are increasingly targeting civilian populations and are expanding southward

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  • Key Messages
  • Key Messages
    • The security situation is experiencing new developments with attacks that are increasingly targeting civilian populations and expanding to agro-pastoral and agricultural areas of the country. This deterioration of the security situation is especially observed in the regions of Tillabéry, Tahoua and Diffa. Information by key informants suggest that some entire agricultural villages have been abandoned in the department of Tillabéry following attacks or threats of attacks by armed groups. In addition to the negative impacts on trade flows, insecurity is negatively impacting agricultural activities for the ongoing season.

    • In the calmer areas of the country, the agricultural season has started to set in with recorded rains in some agricultural areas where sowing is being carried out. These sowings, which can be considered early, are however weak in terms of geographical coverage.

    • Markets are well supplied, but commodity prices are 15-30 percent above last year and the five-year average. In order to maintain market supply, traders must use very long alternative circuits which significantly increase transportation costs. Additionally, above average and longer lasting institutional demand is also increasing food prices.

    • The lean season is at its peak in pastoral areas. Despite the reduction in the mobility of herds of animals due to insecurity within the country and on the borders, the good fodder production of the past campaign and the availability of water for watering allowed the livestock to maintain an average physical condition. The market values ​​of animals are generally average, but the situation is more favorable for small ruminants due to the strong demand in anticipation of the Tabaski festival. In conflict-affected areas, most livestock prices are below average due to low demand, and the above average selling off of livestock to meet food costs and to avoid looting and theft by armed groups.

    • Food assistance operations continue to benefit vulnerable populations, at least 50 percent of whom receive food aid covering food consumption needs. This food aid reaches poor and vulnerable households in all areas including those of Diffa and Maradi affected by insecurity but not to those of Tillabéry and North Tahoua where insecurity limits humanitarian access.

    • Most households across the country are facing Minimal (Phase 1 IPC) food security outcomes, with however food insecurity in Stress (Phase 2 IPC) in the pastoral zone and in pockets in agricultural and agro-pastoral zones. Poor households are anticipated to face Stressed! (Phase 2! IPC) food insecurity in the region of Diffa and South of the region of Maradi due to ongoing humanitarian food assistance. Crisis (Phase 3 IPC) outcomes are anticipated in the North and Center of the region of Tillabéry and North Tahoua.

    This Key Message Update provides a high-level analysis of current acute food insecurity conditions and any changes to FEWS NET's latest projection of acute food insecurity outcomes in the specified geography. Learn more here.

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