Key Message Update

Increasing food insecurity as COVID-19 restrictions adds to civil insecurity

May 2020

May 2020

June - September 2020

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Would likely be at least one phase worse without current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Would likely be at least one phase worse without current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

Presence countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Remote monitoring
countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

Key Messages

  • The effects of the ongoing civil insecurity continue to negatively affect food insecurity for poor and displaced households. Security incidents increased from 492 cases between January and April 2019 to 523 cases during the same period in 2020. Diffa, Tillabery, and Tahoa are the regions most affected by insecurity and were estimated to host 223,048 displaced people in April 2020 compared to 184,634 people in April 2019. Displaced populations as well as poor host households continue to face Crisis (IPC Phase 3) food insecurity.

  • As of May 27, Niger recorded 955 cases of COVID-19, affecting all regions. However, Niamey's COVID-19 cases account for almost 80 percent of the registered cases followed by Zinder with 12 percent of the cases and Agadez with 3.5 percent of the cumulative confirmed cases. The measures taken by the public authorities to combat COVID-19, aimed at prohibiting movement and contact between people, imply a significant reduction in access to income for rural and urban households and a decrease in the access to food in several areas of the country. As a result of COVID-19 and measures to combat its spread, 10 to 15 percent of poor households in these areas fall into food insecurity in the Crisis (IPC Phase 3).

  • Markets are well supplied with food products thanks to commodity flows which are exempt from restrictive measures. The loss of local jobs and declines in migration as a result of measures restricting the movement of people reduce the purchasing power of poor households for consumer products and therefore weakens the demand of agro-pastoral households on the markets. Below-average livestock prices due to restrictions and the poor physical condition of livestock resulting from fodder deficits are causing farmers' incomes to fall and their expenses to care for the animals to rise. Stressed (IPC Phase 2) outcomes are observed in the pastoral zones but will improve to Minimal (IPC Phase 1) starting in July with the end of the pastoral lean season and the beginning of the agricultural season.

  • Market disruptions and sharp reductions in income due to the loss of the main livelihoods in urban areas continue to negatively affect food security for poor urban and peri-urban households who depend on informal labor opportunities and who can no longer cover their food needs. Despite the lifting of certain restrictive measures in Niamey, the reduction in income continues to cause Crisis (IPC Phase 3) food insecurity for these households.

About FEWS NET

The Famine Early Warning Systems Network is a leading provider of early warning and analysis on food insecurity. Created by USAID in 1985 to help decision-makers plan for humanitarian crises, FEWS NET provides evidence-based analysis on approximately 30 countries. Implementing team members include NASA, NOAA, USDA, USGS, and CHC-UCSB, along with Chemonics International Inc. and Kimetrica.
Learn more About Us.

Link to United States Agency for International Development (USAID)Link to the United States Geological Survey's (USGS) FEWS NET Data PortalLink to U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA)
Link to National Aeronautics and Space Administration's (NASA) Earth ObservatoryLink to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's (NOAA) National Weather Service, Climage Prediction CenterLink to the Climate Hazards Center - UC Santa BarbaraLink to KimetricaLink to Chemonics