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The atypical rise in food prices reduces the purchasing power of poor households

  • Key Message Update
  • Niger
  • March 2023
The atypical rise in food prices reduces the purchasing power of poor households

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  • Key Messages
  • Key Messages
    • Stressed (IPC Phase 2) outcomes are generally observed in the country following the depletion of stocks and the high cost of foodstuffs on the markets, forcing poor households to resort to cheaper foods such as pasta and tubers to meet their food consumption needs. During this off-season period, income from agricultural labor for marketing gardening is limited due to decreased access to market gardening sites. Despite the ongoing distributions of the full ration of 2,100 Kcal per person per day in the Tillabéry region and northern Tahoua, this covers the food needs of less than 20 percent of poor households, resulting in Crisis (IPC Phase 3) outcomes in these areas. However, in the Diffa and Maradi regions, where the armed forces' reinforced presence facilitates humanitarian access, most poor households can access food assistance distributions, which covers more than 50 percent of poor households, resulting in Stressed! (IPC Phase 2!) outcomes.

    • Dry cereal supply is generally satisfactory in most markets; however, levels remain below normal for all products due to the reduction in supply from producers in certain localities of Diffa, Tahoua, and Tillabéry. Additionally, the continued disruption of incoming supply flows from Burkina Faso and Mali following measures to restrict food product exports in these countries. Compared to the five-year average, average prices for maize, millet, and sorghum increased by 14, 10, and 7 percent. Compared to the five-year average, significant increases of 20 to 50 percent are observed  in the markets of Diffa, Tahoua, and Tillabéry, limiting poor households' access to foodstuffs.

    • During the 2022 agricultural campaign, below-average rainfall recorded in the pastoral zone impacted fodder availability, leading to the early transhumance of animals from agro-pastoral to agricultural zones better supplied with pasture, allowing animals to maintain good body condition. For this reason, average animal prices remained stable last year. As a result, terms-of-trade are estimated at 126 kg of millet per goat in February 2023, favoring herder households; this is in comparison to terms-of-trade estimated at 111 kg of millet per goat in February 2022 and 119 kg of millet on average. As a result of income from animal sales, households in the pastoral zone can buy sufficient food to cover their needs without selling more animals than usual. However, in February, household food consumption decreased as a result of the depreciation of the Naira currency and 18 to 30 percent price decline in markets in Kablewa and Maïné Soroa in the Diffa region, Béla and Tanda in the Dosso region, Téra in the Tillabéry region, and Bakin Birgi and Koudoumawa in the Zinder region.

    This Key Message Update provides a high-level summary of FEWS NET’s current and projected analysis of likely acute food insecurity outcomes in Niger through May 2023.

    This Key Message Update provides a high-level analysis of current acute food insecurity conditions and any changes to FEWS NET's latest projection of acute food insecurity outcomes in the specified geography. Learn more here.

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