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Depletion of poor households' cereal stocks and rising food product prices limit their access to food

  • Key Message Update
  • Niger
  • January 2024
Depletion of poor households' cereal stocks and rising food product prices limit their access to food

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  • Key Messages
  • Key Messages
    • Provisional results for the 2023 agricultural season published by the Directorate of Agricultural Statistics show cereal deficits relative to human consumption needs. The highest deficits are recorded in insecure areas and among poor households in all zones, where not only are cereal stocks depleted, but the purchasing power of foodstuffs on the markets is reduced due to prices far exceeding incomes. Acute crisis food insecurity (IPC Phase 3) is highest in the regions of Tillabéry, Tahoua, Diffa, and Maradi, at 20 percent or more. This food insecurity, which is the highest level in the country, is also observed in localized pockets in all other regions, but in small proportions of households.
    • The results of the 2023-2024 agricultural production campaign are generally in deficit, and worse for poor households, the majority of which have recorded cereal stocks of no more than three months' coverage of food consumption needs, i.e., in December 2023.  Despite the contribution of market garden produce currently being harvested, poor households and internally displaced people are facing food access deficits, as the income earned from the sale of agricultural labor on market garden sites and from non-agricultural labor activities does not enable them to buy enough food for more than one meal a day due to very high food product prices.
    • The socio-political situation remains marked by the maintenance of the economic and trade sanctions applied to Niger by ECOWAS and UEMOA following the military coup of July 26. However, the new authorities have been recognized by ECOWAS, which has appointed three Heads of State (from Togo, Sierra Leone, and Benin) to lead negotiations that have already begun with an initial meeting with the Togolese representative. The next meeting, scheduled for January 24, 2024, could not take place due to a last-minute technical problem announced by the team appointed to lead the negotiations. However, negotiations are becoming more complicated as Niger, Mali, and Burkina Faso have just decided, in a joint communiqué published on January 28, 2024, to withdraw definitively from ECOWAS. FEWS NET will be closely monitoring developments in this socio-political situation because of the new situation and the sanctions that have already impacted the regular supply of food, health, and nutritional products to markets, even if the authorization is obtained to use the port of Lomé as an alternative to Cotonou, which means the imports of products destined for Niger can continue. In addition to these sanctions, insecurity and military operations to combat terrorism are adversely affecting the financial capacities and geographical access of humanitarian actors to help populations in need of food.

    Recommended citation: FEWS NET. Niger Key Message Update January 2024: Depletion of poor households' cereal stocks and rising food product prices limit their access to food, 2024.

    This Key Message Update provides a high-level analysis of current acute food insecurity conditions and any changes to FEWS NET's latest projection of acute food insecurity outcomes in the specified geography. Learn more here.

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