Key Message Update

An exacerbation of the security crisis with an increased impact on food security

January 2020

January 2020

La zone de Tillabéri est en phase 3 alors que Diffa est en phase 2 grâce à l'assistance. Le reste du pays est en phase 1.

February - May 2020

La zone de Tillabéri est en phase 3 alors que DIffa est en phase 2 grâce à l'assistance. Le reste du pays est en phase 1 avec quelques poches de la zone pastorale en phase 2.

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Would likely be at least one phase worse without current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Would likely be at least one phase worse without current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

Presence countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Remote monitoring
countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

Key Messages

  • The persistent security crisis in the country has caused an amplification of population movements, with approximately 7,000 newly displaced people in the region of Tillabéry. Over 25,000 new IDPs have also been registered in Diffa due to insecurity and flooding of the Komadougou River.

  • In pastoral zones, the fodder deficit is compounded by the limitation of animal movements due to civil insecurity and the closure of the border with Nigeria driving lower livestock prices. However, the animals' body conditions are average thanks to the early departure of the herds to more secure areas with sufficient pasture, which is likely a source of inter-community conflict between agriculturalists and pastoralists.

  • Market are regularly and adequately supplied, except in insecure areas. Demand is generally below average and is mainly made up of local actors because the closure of the border with Nigeria and insecurity at the borders limit the presence of export traders on the market. Prices are in a downward trend compared to last year and the five-year average, but the decline is accentuated for the prices of animals and cash crops whose export demand has fallen sharply.

  • A sufficient and diversified availability of irrigated agricultural crops is leading to Minimal (IPC Phase 1) food insecurity in most of the country. However, the decrease in prices of livestock leading to atypical sales in pastoral areas is leading to Stressed (IPC Phase 3) outcomes. Humanitarian assistance in Diffa in the form of cash and in-kind assistance is mitigating worse outcomes and the region will remain in Stressed! (IPC Phase 2!). In northern Tillabéry, the security crisis is disrupting livelihood activities and humanitarian assistance and households are facing Crisis (IPC Phase 3) food insecurity.

About FEWS NET

The Famine Early Warning Systems Network is a leading provider of early warning and analysis on food insecurity. Created by USAID in 1985 to help decision-makers plan for humanitarian crises, FEWS NET provides evidence-based analysis on some 28 countries. Implementing team members include NASA, NOAA, USDA, USGS, and CHC-UCSB, along with Chemonics International Inc. and Kimetrica. Read more about our work.

Link to United States Agency for International Development (USAID)Link to the United States Geological Survey's (USGS) FEWS NET Data PortalLink to U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA)
Link to National Aeronautics and Space Administration's (NASA) Earth ObservatoryLink to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's (NOAA) National Weather Service, Climage Prediction CenterLink to the Climate Hazards Center - UC Santa BarbaraLink to KimetricaLink to Chemonics