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Acute food insecurity Crisis (IPC Phase 3) persists among poor households in regions affected by insecurity

  • Key Message Update
  • Niger
  • April 2024
Acute food insecurity Crisis (IPC Phase 3) persists among poor households in regions affected by insecurity

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  • Key Messages
  • Key Messages
    • Due to insecurity, acute food insecurity Crisis (IPC Phase 3) outcomes are expected in Tillabéry, Tahoua, Diffa, and Maradi regions. In addition to significantly reducing food availability in the affected areas, insecurity is preventing income-generating activities and limiting food access capacity for poor households, at least 20% of whom have reduced consumption of their energy needs despite having engaged in negative coping strategies. However, due to access to food assistance in quantities sufficient for at least three meals a day, poor households in the Diffa and Maradi regions are in Stress! (IPC Phase 2!). Acute food insecurity Stress (IPC Phase 2) outcomes are widespread in the country, affecting all poor households in all livelihood zones, as this period coincides with the depletion of cereal and fodder stocks and high food prices. Low farm labor prices and a decline in livestock prices limit the purchasing power of poor households in all livelihood zones to only purchase food. 
    • Available forage has been depleted in pastoral areas, and insecurity is hampering herd mobility towards areas of origin supplied with forage resources. Moreover, access to feed is limited due to high prices, 50 percent above average. Despite a 10 percent improvement in livestock exports and the beginning of an improvement in the value of the Naira in mid-April 2024, livestock body conditions are deteriorating, affecting their market value. Livestock prices are still below average compared to last year and the five-year average by 10 to 15 percent and 4 to 10 percent, respectively. The terms of trade, which are 22 percent lower than in 2023 and 25-45 percent lower than the five-year average, reflected the low livestock prices. 
    • The security situation remains at the status quo, given the continuing security incidents in all areas affected by conflict, especially in the Liptako Gourma region. This insecurity is the primary driver of the acute food insecurity Crisis (IPC Phase 3) outcomes observed in these conflict-affected regions, where, in addition to the loss of agricultural and pastoral production due to the abandonment of crop fields, it is disrupting markets and economic opportunities, as well as soaring food prices. Furthermore, as part of the country’s strategy to fight against insecurity, the authorities have decided to ban all travel to areas of military operations without military escorts. This new measure will further limit the distribution of food aid, including in the Diffa and Maradi regions, as the humanitarian response plans did not include the cost of military escorts.     
    • Seasonal activities related to market gardening production and the preparation of rain-fed fields are the main sources of income for poor households. However, given the reduction in planted areas due to insecurity and the oversupply of labor due to seasonal migrants and displaced persons, daily wages for market gardening harvest and field preparation labor declined by 20% compared with average daily wages.   
    • The market situation is characterized by a further decline in supplies, mainly imported cereals (maize and rice). The current level of market supply is 30-50 percent lower than the average, especially for maize, due to the combined effect of reduced availability and the continued closure of the Niger-Benin border, despite its official reopening by the Benin authorities. However, they have improved compared to the previous months of border closures because, as with the reopening of Nigeria’s borders, cross-border flows from Nigeria have increased in intensity from two truckloads of maize and sorghum per day during the border closure period to five truckloads at present. Prices continue to rise at an estimated 34 percent for imported maize and rice and 31 percent and 26 percent for sorghum and millet, respectively, compared to the five-year average. 

    Recommended citation: FEWS NET. Niger Key Message Update April 2024: Acute food insecurity Crisis (IPC Phase 3) persists among poor households in regions affected by insecurity, 2024.

    This Key Message Update provides a high-level analysis of current acute food insecurity conditions and any changes to FEWS NET's latest projection of acute food insecurity outcomes in the specified geography. Learn more here.

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