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This profile for the Pastoral: Oases and Oueds Zone 3 of Mauritania provides detailed, quantitative information about livelihood strategies, including food and income sources and expenditures, for each of four wealth groups: the very poor, the poor, the middle, and the better off. Livelihood profiles facilitate analysis and monitoring of livelihood and food security. This profile, in conjunction with the livelihood zone map, provides a geographic context for establishing monitoring systems (a sampling frame) and for interpreting the relative importance of existing monitoring data on production, prices, and other indicators. It is a point of reference against which conditions observed during monitoring may be compared. It also describes how livelihood and food security may be affected by production and other shocks.
Livelihood Baseline provides quantifiable analysis of household livelihood options. It includes a detailed breakdown of food, cash and expenditure patterns, as well as coping capacity for various wealth groups. The baseline also highlights market patterns and constraints and opportunities for economic growth. Used for outcomes analysis, the baselines can quantify and measure the impact of shocks on households. The analysis is very useful in planning humanitarian assistance, particularly in forecasting whether and when assistance will be needed, how many people might be affected, and what types of assistance will be most helpful.