Key Message Update

Flooding observed in several Moughataas of the country

September 2020

September 2020

October 2020 - January 2021

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Would likely be at least one phase worse without current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

Presence countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Remote monitoring
countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

Key Messages

  • The COVID-19 pandemic has affected all the wilayas with a cumulative number of 7,433 cases, including 220 active cases as of September 23. Torrential rains and seasonal accumulations 150percent above average in the south, are causing flooding in several localities in the wilayas of Guidimakha, Gorgol, Hodh El Charghi, Inchiri and Nouakchott. In addition to the damage to road and hydro-agricultural infrastructure, these floods also caused loss of property in households as well as crop damage, thus increasing humanitarian needs in the country.

  • The early to normal start of the rainy season and the good spatio-temporal distribution of the rains in the rainfed crop area favors normal crop growth with stemming and flowering as the dominant stages. However, declining income from migration due to restrictions linked to the COVID-19 pandemic limits the ability to invest in agricultural inputs and even to recruit agricultural labor, which could negatively impact production. The timely regeneration of pastures and the availability of water resources have also encouraged a return of the transhumants who were concentrated in the wilayas of Gorgol and Guidimakha. The first watermelon harvests and the increased availability of milk are helping to improve the food situation of pastoral households.

  • The level of supply of basic foodstuffs to markets by traders is average. However, the deterioration of the road network is reducing the supply to some localities, especially those affected by the floods. Overall, this leads to slight price increases (around 10percent), especially for imported rice. In the markets of Kaedi (wilaya of Gorgol) and Selibaby (wilaya of Guidimakha), the increase in the price of imported rice is greater, respectively by 40 and 17 percent compared to last year. On the other hand, the improvement in the overweight of the animals and the continuation of cattle exports to Senegal are promoting a slight increase of around 10percent in the prices of small ruminants in these markets.

  • While awaiting the start of harvests from October which will improve the food situation of poor households, the monthly cash distribution operation underway since June for the benefit of 186,293 families continues in September. It is reinforced by the cash transfers in progress by humanitarian partners (NGOs, FAO, WFP) and also the distribution of food from the government for the benefit of the victims. These distributions promote acute food insecurity Stress (IPC Phase 2!) In the rain-fed crop area.

About FEWS NET

The Famine Early Warning Systems Network is a leading provider of early warning and analysis on food insecurity. Created by USAID in 1985 to help decision-makers plan for humanitarian crises, FEWS NET provides evidence-based analysis on approximately 30 countries. Implementing team members include NASA, NOAA, USDA, USGS, and CHC-UCSB, along with Chemonics International Inc. and Kimetrica.
Learn more About Us.

Link to United States Agency for International Development (USAID)Link to the United States Geological Survey's (USGS) FEWS NET Data PortalLink to U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA)
Link to National Aeronautics and Space Administration's (NASA) Earth ObservatoryLink to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's (NOAA) National Weather Service, Climage Prediction CenterLink to the Climate Hazards Center - UC Santa BarbaraLink to KimetricaLink to Chemonics