Key Message Update

Increase in livestock sales to compensate for loss of income from migration

May 2020

May 2020

June - September 2020

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Would likely be at least one phase worse without current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

Presence countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Remote monitoring
countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

Key Messages

  • In late April, the government relaxed measures against the spread of COVID-19 by reopening shops and restaurants, however social distancing and wearing a mask or turban is still required. Since then, the country has registered a rapid increase in cases of the virus and as of May 26, 240 active cases of COVID-19 were registered in the capital and in four Wilayas in the interior of the country. The capital and the city of Kiffa (chief town of the Wilaya of Assaba) are in quarantine and transport out of the cities is prohibited. The borders with Senegal and Mali remain closed, thus confining transhumant pastoralists in the wilayas of Gorgol and Guidimaka.

  • The increased pressure from livestock in transit areas is accelerating the degradation of pastures and in some places heightening tensions around water points for animals. To limit livestock mortalities, the government has launched a subsidized sales operation of 88,000 tonnes of animal feed which will be distributed in all moughataas. This operation will cover the entire pastoral lean season, pending the regeneration of pastures from mid-July. However, the prices of these foods remain high on the markets and are, for example, 17 percent above the average on the Sélibaby market in Guidimaka.

  • The resumption of economic activities is still timid in urban centers, but also in rural areas. Recent measures to quarantine certain cities will further slow-down income-generating activities and reduce the demand for seasonal workers. To compensate for the loss of income usually obtained from seasonal migration, households in the rain-fed cultivation (MR09) and agropastoral (MR07) areas are increasing the sale of animals. As supply exceeds demand, sheep prices are down 16 percent and 30 percent compared to last year on the markets of Adel-Bagrou and Sélibaby, respectively.

  • While the prices of imported foodstuffs remain stable due to control measures, those of local cereals (millet and sorghum) show increases of between 30 and 50 percent. In addition to the seasonal increase in demand, the additional demand during Ramadan contributed to the increase in prices. The government in-kind distributions in progress since the past month targeting 30,000 beneficiaries are more concentrated in urban centers, exposing the poor in rainfed cultivation and agro-pastoral areas, more affected by the decline in income from migration and the sale of livestock, to Crisis (IPC Phase 3) food insecurity.

About FEWS NET

The Famine Early Warning Systems Network is a leading provider of early warning and analysis on food insecurity. Created by USAID in 1985 to help decision-makers plan for humanitarian crises, FEWS NET provides evidence-based analysis on approximately 30 countries. Implementing team members include NASA, NOAA, USDA, USGS, and CHC-UCSB, along with Chemonics International Inc. and Kimetrica.
Learn more About Us.

Link to United States Agency for International Development (USAID)Link to the United States Geological Survey's (USGS) FEWS NET Data PortalLink to U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA)
Link to National Aeronautics and Space Administration's (NASA) Earth ObservatoryLink to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's (NOAA) National Weather Service, Climage Prediction CenterLink to the Climate Hazards Center - UC Santa BarbaraLink to KimetricaLink to Chemonics