Key Message Update

Seasonally normal decline of food security situation similar to April

May 2017

May 2017

Mauritania May 2017 Food Security Projections for May

June - September 2017

Mauritania May 2017 Food Security Projections for June to September

IPC 2.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Would likely be at least one phase worse without current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.

IPC 2.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Would likely be at least one phase worse without current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.

IPC 2.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

IPC 2.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

Presence countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Remote monitoring
countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

Key Messages

  • Off-season agricultural production deficits, and difficult regular and sufficient access to water, have precipitated and accentuated the seasonal decline in food security conditions in most of the west of the agropastoral zone (moughataas of Magta Lahjar, Moudjéria, Monguel, M’Bout, south of Aleg, west of Kankossa) and in the north (moughataas of Boghé, Bababé and M’Bagne). In the rest of the country, the lean season is beginning normally. 

  • The degradation of pastureland (seasonally normal) is exacerbated by greater difficulties than in a normal year: sufficient access to water caused by strong heat and more frequent strong winds. Some pastoralists in the west and south of the agropastoral zones have decided to undertake atypical transhumance to pastoral areas with water. 

  • Markets are well stocked with imported foods (rice, wheat, oil, sugar) and prices have begun to rise with the approach of Ramadan. The seasonal availability of traditional cereals is reduced due to the low level of national production in addition to limited cross border trade with Mali because of low cereal production in the areas of Mali that often supply Mauritanian markets. 

  • In the west of the agropastoral zone, and in the north of the Senegal River Valley, the decline in agricultural production and seasonal incomes means that poor households continue to purchase food from markets (often by borrowing), and also by selling livestock, whose market value has reduced due to poor body conditions resulting from the deterioration of pastoral conditions. Some very poor households are in Stressed (IPC Phase 2), and the number of households in this situation is rising with the deterioration of purchasing power. 

About FEWS NET

The Famine Early Warning Systems Network is a leading provider of early warning and analysis on food insecurity. Created by USAID in 1985 to help decision-makers plan for humanitarian crises, FEWS NET provides evidence-based analysis on approximately 30 countries. Implementing team members include NASA, NOAA, USDA, USGS, and CHC-UCSB, along with Chemonics International Inc. and Kimetrica.
Learn more About Us.

Link to United States Agency for International Development (USAID)Link to the United States Geological Survey's (USGS) FEWS NET Data PortalLink to U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA)
Link to National Aeronautics and Space Administration's (NASA) Earth ObservatoryLink to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's (NOAA) National Weather Service, Climage Prediction CenterLink to the Climate Hazards Center - UC Santa BarbaraLink to KimetricaLink to Chemonics