Key Message Update

Despite above average imported food prices, household food access remains typical

March 2021

March - May 2021

June - September 2021

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Would likely be at least one phase worse without current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

Presence countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Remote monitoring
countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

Key Messages

  • The supply of food in the markets remains average. Overall, in the markets of the rain-fed and agro-pastoral areas (Abdel-Bagrou, Nema, Ould Yengé, Kaedi, Aleg and Boghé), prices are stable for wheat and local cereals, but slightly above last years prices for broken rice and sugar by 18 and 12 percent, respectively. These increases are linked to customs taxes which were suspended in 2020 and  to the reduction of merchant stocks due to the slowdown in activities at the port of Nouakchott due to bad weather conditions. In livestock markets, prices are up 18 percent on average for small ruminants compared to last year. This promotes the livestock to cereal terms of trade for pastoralists.

  • The availability of pastoral resources (water and pasture) is good and similar to that of an average year. In areas of localized deficits (in the west of the agro-pastoral zone and in the pastoral transhumance zone), transhumance movements are ongoing. Overall, pastoral conditions should favor typical internal movements of herds until the end of April and external ones to Mali and Senegal starting in May. Pastoral households continue to have milk available for consumption and even for sale, but the availability of milk is still lower than in a normal year due to the negative impacts of past lean seasons on farrowing and production.

  • In rain-fed and agro-pastoral areas, the majority of households still have their stocks from rain-fed production and additional lowland crops harvested in January and February. The cash distribution operation for 210,000 households has just been completed and enables the urban poor to cope with the rise in the prices of imported food. It has also enabled households in pastoral areas to build stocks and thus be able to limit seasonal livestock sales.  In the areas of the oases, market gardening productions above the current average represent a source of income and food for households. Overall, the typical access to food and cash distribution allow the majority of households to experience Minimal (IPC Phase 1!) acute food insecurity through May.

  • However, between June and September, when stocks of own production are exhausted, the drop in migration transfers, especially in rain-fed and agro-pastoral areas, the negative impact of the slow economic activities on income-earning opportunities for poor from the informal sector in urban centers, will degrade the purchasing power of the poor who will remain in Stressed (IPC Phase 2) acute food insecurity during this period.

About FEWS NET

The Famine Early Warning Systems Network is a leading provider of early warning and analysis on food insecurity. Created by USAID in 1985 to help decision-makers plan for humanitarian crises, FEWS NET provides evidence-based analysis on approximately 30 countries. Implementing team members include NASA, NOAA, USDA, USGS, and CHC-UCSB, along with Chemonics International Inc. and Kimetrica.
Learn more About Us.

Link to United States Agency for International Development (USAID)Link to the United States Geological Survey's (USGS) FEWS NET Data PortalLink to U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA)
Link to National Aeronautics and Space Administration's (NASA) Earth ObservatoryLink to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's (NOAA) National Weather Service, Climage Prediction CenterLink to the Climate Hazards Center - UC Santa BarbaraLink to KimetricaLink to Chemonics