Key Message Update

Food insecurity is increasing in rural areas

January 2018

January 2018

February - May 2018

IPC 2.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Would likely be at least one phase worse without current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.

IPC 2.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Would likely be at least one phase worse without current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.

IPC 2.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

IPC 2.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

Presence countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Remote monitoring
countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

Key Messages

  • The failure of flood recession crops that are normally harvested between February and March, accentuates an early onsite lean season (December instead of April / May), and forces poor households to resort to food purchases while their incomes are in decline due to the reduction of agricultural, pastoral and wild foods activities and the low level of transhumance.

  • Continued degradation of meager pastures in the western agro-pastoral zone is having a severe impact on poor agropastoralists who are forced to make large and persistent livestock sales, that have already led to deficits in livelihood protections, in order to have income to purchase food in markets. Many poor households who were in Stressed (IPC Phase 2) since December are moving towards Crisis (IPC Phase 3) as a result.

  • In the center of the Senegal River Valley (South-East Trarza, South Brakna and South-West Gorgol) the absence of walo crops that rely on river flooding, that didn’t occur this year because of dryness, prolongs the winter production deficit. The low probability of producing irrigated crops in the hot off-season eliminates any possibility of recuperation of this deficit. As a result, poor households may experience difficulties in accessing sufficient food.

  • In the center of the rainfed agricultural zone where agricultural production has been lower than that of an average year, the return of Malian grain flows has only had a small positive impact on the food access of poor households. Seasonal income derived from the sale of livestock to Malians is considerably reduced by competition from transhumant herds. The oversupply of livestock has already led to a situation of Stressed (IPC Phase 2) which could, as of April, with decreased trade flows and difficulties accessing water, turn into a situation of Crisis (IPC Phase 3).

  • In the rest of the country, steady and satisfactory supplies of imported foods in markets and relative price stability should maintain the current situation of Minimal (IPC Phase 1) food insecurity throughout the outlook period. 

About FEWS NET

The Famine Early Warning Systems Network is a leading provider of early warning and analysis on food insecurity. Created by USAID in 1985 to help decision-makers plan for humanitarian crises, FEWS NET provides evidence-based analysis on approximately 30 countries. Implementing team members include NASA, NOAA, USDA, USGS, and CHC-UCSB, along with Chemonics International Inc. and Kimetrica.
Learn more About Us.

Link to United States Agency for International Development (USAID)Link to the United States Geological Survey's (USGS) FEWS NET Data PortalLink to U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA)
Link to National Aeronautics and Space Administration's (NASA) Earth ObservatoryLink to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's (NOAA) National Weather Service, Climage Prediction CenterLink to the Climate Hazards Center - UC Santa BarbaraLink to KimetricaLink to Chemonics