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Food insecurity is increasing in rural areas

  • Key Message Update
  • Mauritania
  • January 2018
Food insecurity is increasing in rural areas

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  • Key Messages
  • Key Messages
    • The failure of flood recession crops that are normally harvested between February and March, accentuates an early onsite lean season (December instead of April / May), and forces poor households to resort to food purchases while their incomes are in decline due to the reduction of agricultural, pastoral and wild foods activities and the low level of transhumance.

    • Continued degradation of meager pastures in the western agro-pastoral zone is having a severe impact on poor agropastoralists who are forced to make large and persistent livestock sales, that have already led to deficits in livelihood protections, in order to have income to purchase food in markets. Many poor households who were in Stressed (IPC Phase 2) since December are moving towards Crisis (IPC Phase 3) as a result.

    • In the center of the Senegal River Valley (South-East Trarza, South Brakna and South-West Gorgol) the absence of walo crops that rely on river flooding, that didn’t occur this year because of dryness, prolongs the winter production deficit. The low probability of producing irrigated crops in the hot off-season eliminates any possibility of recuperation of this deficit. As a result, poor households may experience difficulties in accessing sufficient food.

    • In the center of the rainfed agricultural zone where agricultural production has been lower than that of an average year, the return of Malian grain flows has only had a small positive impact on the food access of poor households. Seasonal income derived from the sale of livestock to Malians is considerably reduced by competition from transhumant herds. The oversupply of livestock has already led to a situation of Stressed (IPC Phase 2) which could, as of April, with decreased trade flows and difficulties accessing water, turn into a situation of Crisis (IPC Phase 3).

    • In the rest of the country, steady and satisfactory supplies of imported foods in markets and relative price stability should maintain the current situation of Minimal (IPC Phase 1) food insecurity throughout the outlook period. 

    This Key Message Update provides a high-level analysis of current acute food insecurity conditions and any changes to FEWS NET's latest projection of acute food insecurity outcomes in the specified geography. Learn more here.

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