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Ongoing volatile insecurity further exposes households to food insecurity

  • Key Message Update
  • Mali
  • September 2023
Ongoing volatile insecurity further exposes households to food insecurity

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  • Key Messages
  • Key Messages
    • The recent upsurge in security incidents in the Ménaka, Gao, Timbuktu and Mopti regions has increased the number of people in need, due to the unusual displacement of populations, the imposition of blockades on the main roads and the continuing disruption of economic activities. The impact of these incidents could exacerbate food insecurity more than expected if the trend continues beyond the October-January period, which coincides with the usual availability of harvests and the seasonal improvement in livestock/grain terms of trade.

    • The agricultural season is generally average across the country, with a delay in crop development due to the poor distribution of rainfall, which will adversely affect crop yields even in certain production zones. The 12 percent drop in planted area compared with the five-year average, particularly in the Liptako Gourma region due to population displacements and poor access to fertilizers, augurs below-average cereal production, especially in insecure areas where field abandonment has been observed.

    • Access to food remains limited for poor households in insecure areas, due to staple cereal prices over 30 percent higher than average, and the fall in the terms of trade between livestock and cereals for pastoral households. In the Timbuktu region, the blockade imposed by armed groups has led to a significant drop in the availability, and even a shortage, of certain imported foodstuffs, and the sharp rise in food prices is exacerbating the difficulties households have in accessing food. In agricultural areas, seasonal improvements in household access to food have been observed thanks to the average availability of green harvests of maize and legumes.

    • Emergency (IPC Phase 4) food insecurity in  Ménaka and Crisis (IPC Phase 3) outcomes in the Liptako Gourma area will improve seasonally from October onwards, thanks to the availability of harvests, lower food prices and humanitarian food aid from the government and humanitarian agencies. As a result, poor households in Ménaka will find themselves in Crisis (IPC Phase 3), due to persistent insecurity, recourse to crisis coping strategies and difficulties of humanitarian access in the area, while those in Gao and Mopti in Crisis will be Stressed (IPC Phase 2) from October onwards. Elsewhere in the country, households will be Minimally(IPC Phase 1) food insecure.

    Recommended citation: FEWS NET. Mali Key Message Update September 2023: Ongoing volatile insecurity further exposes households to food insecurity, 2023.

    This Key Message Update provides a high-level analysis of current acute food insecurity conditions and any changes to FEWS NET's latest projection of acute food insecurity outcomes in the specified geography. Learn more here.

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