Key Message Update

Crisis (IPC Phase 3) food insecurity in parts of the center and north of the country

May 2021

May 2021

June - September 2021

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Would likely be at least one phase worse without current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Would likely be at least one phase worse without current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

Presence countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Remote monitoring
countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

Key Messages

  • Activities marking the beginning of the agricultural campaign, such as cleaning, transporting manure to the fields, and even early sowing, were observed in the South of the country. These activities create a demand for agricultural labor, and this provides a job opportunity for poor households to earn an average income to purchase food. Average crop production is forecasted for rice grown during the off-season from May through July; this will improve food availability in the affected areas.

  • Markets remain adequately supplied with food across the country despite security disruption to the flow of commodities in areas affected by insecurity and mobility restrictions with neighboring countries due to COVID-19. Cereal prices remain broadly similar and above the five-year average. The improving terms of trade for goat/cereals are generally favorable to average household access to food.

  • The pastoral lean season has been satisfactory overall, thanks to the average availability of suitable livestock farming conditions. However, limited access to some pastures located in areas affected by insecurity in the center and the north of the country leads to unusual overcrowding leading to early deterioration of pastures in the host areas, which negatively impacts the ability of livestock to feed properly.

  • Starting in May, displaced poor households and those located in the Liptako Gourma region and some areas in the north of the country will face Crisis (IPC Phase 3) outcomes because of the deterioration of their livelihoods linked to insecurity and COVID-19.

About FEWS NET

The Famine Early Warning Systems Network is a leading provider of early warning and analysis on food insecurity. Created by USAID in 1985 to help decision-makers plan for humanitarian crises, FEWS NET provides evidence-based analysis on approximately 30 countries. Implementing team members include NASA, NOAA, USDA, USGS, and CHC-UCSB, along with Chemonics International Inc. and Kimetrica.
Learn more About Us.

Link to United States Agency for International Development (USAID)Link to the United States Geological Survey's (USGS) FEWS NET Data PortalLink to U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA)
Link to National Aeronautics and Space Administration's (NASA) Earth ObservatoryLink to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's (NOAA) National Weather Service, Climage Prediction CenterLink to the Climate Hazards Center - UC Santa BarbaraLink to KimetricaLink to Chemonics