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Emergency (IPC Phase 4) outcomes in Ménaka due to difficulties in accessing food and the persistent impact of insecurity on household livelihoods

  • Key Message Update
  • Mali
  • March 2024
Emergency (IPC Phase 4) outcomes in Ménaka due to difficulties in accessing food and the persistent impact of insecurity on household livelihoods

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  • Key Messages
  • Key Messages
    • In Ménaka, insecurity continues to disrupt economic activities, market operations and the movement of people and goods. Households in the region are experiencing large food consumption gaps, due to the disruption of typical livelihood activities and above-average reliance on the market, against a backdrop of high staple food prices that are over 100 percent above the five-year average, linked to the blockade imposed by armed groups. In addition, the continuing rise in the number of displaced people, which reached 65 percent of the total population in December 2023, is exacerbating the pressure on limited resources and the use of crisis-to-emergency coping strategies by 44.6 percent of households, according to the February 2024 ENSAN. Emergency (IPC Phase 4) outcomes will persist through September 2024, with a small portion of households in Catastrophe (IPC Phase 5) due to extreme food consumption gaps, particularly in inaccessible areas where physical and economic access to markets and food assistance is difficult.
    • Elsewhere, in the other conflict-affected areas of Gao and Mopti, and even in the northern regions of Ségou, Nara and Kayes, the multiplication of security incidents and their extension into the south of the country continue to disrupt the movement of people and goods, and lead to population displacement. Poor households in these areas are experiencing difficulties in accessing markets due to supply disruptions, deteriorating livelihoods linked to falling incomes, atypical food price rises of over 30 percent compared to the average, loss of goods/equipment and lower agricultural production linked to insecurity. Poor households facing food access difficulties are resorting atypically to crisis and stressed coping strategies, exacerbating their already precarious access to food, particularly for households in inaccessible areas. As a result, Stressed (IPC Phase 2) outcomes in Liptako Gourma, driven by the low availability of harvests and the seasonal drop in cereal prices, will likely deteriorate into Crisis (IPC Phase 3) from May onwards, while the current Crisis (IPC Phase 3) outcomes in Gao and Ansongo will persist until September 2024.
    • Poor households' access to food is reduced across the country due to above-average staple food prices, particularly in the insecure areas of Gao and Ménaka, where prices have risen by as much as 30 percent in Gao and 150 percent in Ménaka. These high prices, combined with the early depletion of stocks linked to the drop in agricultural production and the deterioration in the terms of trade between livestock and cereals in an environment of falling incomes, are reducing poor households' access to food, particularly in the insecure areas of Liptako Gourma, Ménaka and Ansongo, where markets are severely disrupted. In Ménaka and Kidal, and in parts of the Liptako Gourma, such as Bankass and Koro, market dysfunctions and even the intermittent continuation of blockades on the main roads are causing shortages of basic foodstuffs in markets such as Ménaka, for both imported and local products. The intermittent military escorts organized by the government allow a certain level of supplies of basic necessities to the region, but these are far from sufficient to meet the area's needs.
    • The country's generally average livestock breeding conditions augur well for an average pastoral lean season for livestock, which will continue until May and June. However, the early drying-up of surface waters due to low rainfall and disruptions to herd movements as a result of insecurity will make it difficult to feed livestock, resulting in below-average livestock production and even higher mortality. The resulting drop in pastoral income will reduce the purchasing power of livestock-raising households.

    Recommended citation: FEWS NET. Mali Key Message Update March 2024: Emergency (IPC Phase 4) outcomes in Ménaka due to difficulties in accessing food and the persistent impact of insecurity on household livelihoods, 2024.

    This Key Message Update provides a high-level analysis of current acute food insecurity conditions and any changes to FEWS NET's latest projection of acute food insecurity outcomes in the specified geography. Learn more here.

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