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Severe deterioration in livelihoods linked to insecurity leads to Emergency (IPC phase 4) in Ménaka

  • Key Message Update
  • Mali
  • July 2023
Severe deterioration in livelihoods linked to insecurity leads to Emergency (IPC phase 4) in Ménaka

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  • Key Messages
  • Key Messages
    • The security situation remains marked by persistent security incidents in the regions of Gao, Mopti and particularly Ménaka, where attacks by armed groups are frequent and followed by reprisals against the civilian population, and disruptions to the flow of goods by armed groups are intense. These incidents give rise to increased displacements of populations, looting of goods (theft of livestock, destruction of crops) and disruption of economic activities. The deterioration in livelihoods as a result of excessive sales of productive assets, job loss, theft/looting of goods, high food prices and reduced humanitarian access linked to insecurity, further expose poor households to Emergency (IPC Phase 4) outcomes in Ménaka, where sources of income and food are severely disrupted, humanitarian access is very limited, and large food consumption deficits are observed.

    • The agricultural season is progressing at an average pace across the country, thanks to continued rainfall, albeit poorly distributed over time, which has delayed crop sowing in the country's southern agricultural zones. Cumulative rainfall from May 1 to July 20 is considered normal to surplus across the country. Cereal production forecasts are up 8.8 percent on the five-year average, according to the 2023/2024 seasonal estimates by the Direction Nationale de l'Agriculture. However, in conflict-affected areas, notably in the center and north of the country, disruptions to agro-pastoral activities will reduce the level of agricultural production and opportunities for farm labor.

    • Market supplies of cereals remain adequate overall, except in the insecure areas of the Centre and North, where disruptions to flows and even market functioning have been observed, such as in Ménaka. Cereal prices that remain 20-50 percent higher than the five-year average, and the deterioration in the terms of trade between livestock and cereals, reduce poor households' access to food during the lean season, when they become more dependent on the market for their supplies.

    • Crisis (IPC Phase 3) outcomes will continue through September 2023 for poor households in insecure areas of the North, in the Liptako Gourma zone. Households in inaccessible areas of Ménaka, who have atypically resorted to negative coping strategies of reducing the number of meals and selling productive assets, or even selling all their livestock, are in Emergency (IPC Phase 4), which will continue until September. Elsewhere, ongoing humanitarian food and non-food assistance from the government and partners will limit the use of negative coping strategies in beneficiary areas.

    Recommended citation: FEWS NET. Mali. Key Messages: Severe deterioration in livelihoods linked to insecurity leads to Emergency (IPC phase 4) in the Ménaka area. 2023

    This Key Message Update provides a high-level analysis of current acute food insecurity conditions and any changes to FEWS NET's latest projection of acute food insecurity outcomes in the specified geography. Learn more here.

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