Key Message Update

Stressed (IPC Phase 2) food insecurity in some areas due to poor production and ongoing conflict

January 2020

January 2020

Most of the country is in Minimal (IPC Phase 1) except for pockets in Stressed (IPC Phase 2) in Gao and Mopti

February - May 2020

Most of the country is in Minimal (IPC Phase 1) except for pockets in Stressed (IPC Phase 2) in Gao, Mopti and Kayes

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Would likely be at least one phase worse without current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Would likely be at least one phase worse without current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

Presence countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Remote monitoring
countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

Key Messages

  • Overall, access and availability of food during the 2019-2020 season is anticipated to be satisfactory due to the production of grains at 25.5% above the five-year average and the current second-season harvest. The majority of households will remain in Minimal (IPC Phase 1) food insecurity through May 2020.

  • Above average levels of households’ own production, however low in the Western Sahel and in conflict-affected areas in the center, in-kind payments, and average to below average prices of basic goods is leading to average household access to grains. The improvement in terms of trade goat/cereal to average levels favors an average access to markets by pastoralists.

  • The usual return of transhumant herds for crop residues and dry season pastures is under way. However, disturbances to the movement of livestock observed in the Liptako Gourma region and in Menaka due to the persistence of security incidences could lead to difficulties maintaining livestock body conditions. Increased sales of livestock at lower prices is expected to reduce the purchasing power of pastoralists in the region.

  • Poor households in the Western Sahel zone of Kayes and in conflict affected areas in the center and the north are atypically engaging in migration and labor to improve their access to food following the significant decline in production or the degradation of livelihoods due to persistent insecurity. Stressed (IPC Phase 2) conditions faced by households could worsen to Crisis (IPC Phase 3) during the lean season in the absence of humanitarian assistance.

About FEWS NET

The Famine Early Warning Systems Network is a leading provider of early warning and analysis on food insecurity. Created by USAID in 1985 to help decision-makers plan for humanitarian crises, FEWS NET provides evidence-based analysis on approximately 30 countries. Implementing team members include NASA, NOAA, USDA, USGS, and CHC-UCSB, along with Chemonics International Inc. and Kimetrica. Read more about our work.

Link to United States Agency for International Development (USAID)Link to the United States Geological Survey's (USGS) FEWS NET Data PortalLink to U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA)
Link to National Aeronautics and Space Administration's (NASA) Earth ObservatoryLink to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's (NOAA) National Weather Service, Climage Prediction CenterLink to the Climate Hazards Center - UC Santa BarbaraLink to KimetricaLink to Chemonics