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Insecurity and high staple food prices are reducing households' access to food

  • Key Message Update
  • Mali
  • April 2024
Insecurity and high staple food prices are reducing households' access to food

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  • Key Messages
  • Key Messages
    • In Ménaka, despite a slight drop in food prices in April compared to the previous month, they remain over 150 percent above the five-year average, due to the challenges of supplying the region with food. As a result of the significant reduction in economic activities, due to reduced mobility and the loss of productive assets, households are unable to generate enough income to purchase sufficient food on the market. Emergency (IPC Phase 4) outcomes in Ménaka will continue through September 2024, due to significant difficulties in accessing food, the erosion of livelihoods and limited humanitarian access. Due to persistent physical and economic constraints to accessing markets for food supplies, a small proportion of the household population are facing Catastrophe (IPC Phase 5), particularly in inaccessible areas. 
    • In the other insecure areas of Gao and Mopti, poor households' access to food is reduced during the early onset to the lean season, caused by an atypically early depletion of stocks, high food prices and the continuing deterioration of their livelihoods. As such, households in these areas are resorting atypically to crisis strategies. As a result, Mopti will likely deteriorate from Stressed (IPC Phase 2) to Crisis (IPC Phase 3) outcomes by May, while the current Crisis (IPC Phase 3) outcomes in Gao will persist through September.
    • Security incidents in the first quarter of 2024 remained high, with an 11.4 percent increase compared to the same time last year. The areas most affected remain the central and northern regions of the country, where attacks on armed forces positions and oppression of civilians by armed groups continue to be observed. Significant disruptions to economic activities and the resulting population displacements are contributing to the deterioration in food security. According to the December 2023 report on population movements, the number of displaced people in the country is estimated at 325,739, mainly in the regions of Mopti (25.1 percent of the country's displaced), Ménaka (16.3 percent), Timbuktu (12.3 percent), Bandiagara (11.9 percent) and Gao (10.2 percent).
    • High staple food prices continue to reduce poor households' access to food. On various markets monitored by FEWS NET, prices remain on average over 20 percent above the 5 year average. In Ménaka, price increases reached over 150 percent those of the 5 year average. In addition, the decreasing livestock to cereal terms of trade at the end of March from 15 percent in Mopti to over 50 percent, compared with the five-year average, is reducing the ability of pastoral households to access markets. In Menaka, Kidal, and in the greater Liptako Gourma region of Mali, armed groups continue to plant explosive devices along key axes and attack vehicles along the roads, further restricting the flow of goods and people. Continued market dysfunction and reduced trade flows to these markets in the north of the country contribute to maintaining the trend of high prices, which will continue to limit households' adequate access to food.
    • The current pastoral lean season is generally average across the country, thanks to the average availability of pasture and water points. However, the unusual concentrations of livestock in the Mopti, Ségou, Ménaka and Gao regions, due to difficulties of access to certain pastures in connection with insecurity, are causing early degradation in the host areas, which will adversely affect livestock feed and consequently reduce livestock production and pastoral incomes in these areas to below average levels.

    Recommended citation: FEWS NET. Mali Key Message Update April 2024: Insecurity and high staple food prices are reducing households' access to food, 2024.

    This Key Message Update provides a high-level analysis of current acute food insecurity conditions and any changes to FEWS NET's latest projection of acute food insecurity outcomes in the specified geography. Learn more here.

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