Special Report

Liberia Trader Survey Report Round 9

June 2015

IPC 2.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Would likely be at least one phase worse without current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.

IPC 2.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

IPC 2.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

Presence countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Remote monitoring
countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

Between November 2014 and May 2015, FEWS NET worked with Mobile Accord (GeoPoll) to conduct nine rounds of SMS-based trader surveys in Liberia and Sierra Leone on the status of market activities and operating costs. Liberia and Sierra Leone are FEWS NET remote monitoring countries. In remote monitoring countries, analysts typically work from a regional office, relying on a network of partners for information. As less data may be available, remote monitoring reports may have less detail than FEWS NET presence countries. The SMS-based survey results serve to corroborate key informant and partner reports on market activities and serve as inputs to FEWS NET’s integrated food security analysis on the impacts of the Ebola outbreak. The first round of data collection identified a sample of traders to monitor fundamental market characteristics (Table 1). During the second through sixth rounds, the survey focused on market activities, while the subsequent rounds inquired about both market and agricultural activities. Data was collected on a bi-weekly basis for rounds 2-6 and on a monthly basis thereafter. 

Key Messages

  • This report provides a summary of findings from a FEWS NET trader survey using a SMS-based platform through GeoPoll during the week of April 27, 2015 (ninth round of data collection). The sample includes 499 small to large-scale traders across 15 countries in Liveria (Figure 1).

  • Thirty-four percent of respondents were local rice traders and 29 percent were imported rice traders, followed by cassava (20 percent) and palm oil traders (16 percent).

  • During the week of April 27th, over 22 percent of survey respondents reported that the most important market in their area operated at reduced levels (Figures 2 and 3). However, only three traders reported market closures. 

  • Twenty-eight percent of traders indicated that market supplies of main commodities were lower than the previous month (Figure 4). 

  • High transport costs was the most frequently cited reason for reduced market supplies since the previous month (Figure 5). 

  • Over 48 percent of respondents indicated that the current primary agricultural activity is land preparation (Figure 9). Forty-eight percent of respondents reported that agricultural activities were normal and on time (Figure 10). 

  • More than 36 percent of respondents reported less wage opportunities compared to normal at this time (Figure 8). Thirty-one percent of traders reported that they were not able to sell their cash crops as usual at this time of year (Figure 7). 

About FEWS NET

The Famine Early Warning Systems Network is a leading provider of early warning and analysis on food insecurity. Created by USAID in 1985 to help decision-makers plan for humanitarian crises, FEWS NET provides evidence-based analysis on approximately 30 countries. Implementing team members include NASA, NOAA, USDA, USGS, and CHC-UCSB, along with Chemonics International Inc. and Kimetrica.
Learn more About Us.

Link to United States Agency for International Development (USAID)Link to the United States Geological Survey's (USGS) FEWS NET Data PortalLink to U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA)
Link to National Aeronautics and Space Administration's (NASA) Earth ObservatoryLink to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's (NOAA) National Weather Service, Climage Prediction CenterLink to the Climate Hazards Center - UC Santa BarbaraLink to KimetricaLink to Chemonics