Special Report

Liberia Trader Survey Report Round 7

April 2015

IPC 2.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Would likely be at least one phase worse without current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.

IPC 2.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

IPC 2.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

Presence countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Remote monitoring
countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

Between November 2014 and March 2015 FEWS NET worked with Mobile Accord (GeoPoll) to conduct seven rounds of SMS-based trader surveys in Liberia and Sierra Leone on the status of market activities and operating costs. Liberia and Sierra Leone are FEWS NET remote monitoring countries. In remote monitoring countries, analysts typically work from a regional office, relying on a network of partners for information. As less data may be available, remote monitoring reports may have less detail than FEWS NET presence countries. The SMS-based survey results serve to corroborate key informant and partner reports on market activities and serve as inputs to FEWS NET’s integrated food security analysis on the impacts of the Ebola outbreak. The first round of data collection identified a sample of traders to monitor fundamental market characteristics (Table 1). During the second through sixth rounds, the survey focused on market activities, while the seventh round inquired about both market and agricultural activities. Data was collected on a bi-weekly basis for rounds 2-6 and on a monthly basis thereafter.

Key Messages

  • This report provides a summary of findings from a FEWS NET trader survey using a SMS-based platform through GeoPoll during the week of March 2, 2015 (seventh round of data collection). The sample includes 500 small to large-scale traders across 15 counties in Liberia (Figure 1).

  • Thirty percent of respondents were imported rice traders and 30 percent were local rice traders, followed by palm oil (20 percent) and cassava traders (20 percent).

  • During the week of March 2nd, over 28 percent of survey respondents reported that the most important market in their area operated at reduced levels (Figures 2 and 3). However, only ten traders reported market closures. 

  • Thirty percent of traders indicated that market supplies of main commodities were lower than normal at this time (Figure 4). ​

  • High transport costs was the most frequently cited reason for reduced market supplies compared to normal at this time (Figure 5).  

  • Over 52 percent of respondents indicated that the current primary agricultural activity is land preparation (Figure 9). Forty-four percent of respondents reported that agricultural activities were normal and on time (Figure 10).

  • More than 37 percent of respondents reported less wage opportunities compared to normal at this time (Figure 8). Over 35 percent of traders reported that they were not able to sell their cash crops as usual at this time of year (Figure 7).

About FEWS NET

The Famine Early Warning Systems Network is a leading provider of early warning and analysis on food insecurity. Created by USAID in 1985 to help decision-makers plan for humanitarian crises, FEWS NET provides evidence-based analysis on approximately 30 countries. Implementing team members include NASA, NOAA, USDA, USGS, and CHC-UCSB, along with Chemonics International Inc. and Kimetrica. Read more about our work.

Link to United States Agency for International Development (USAID)Link to the United States Geological Survey's (USGS) FEWS NET Data PortalLink to U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA)
Link to National Aeronautics and Space Administration's (NASA) Earth ObservatoryLink to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's (NOAA) National Weather Service, Climage Prediction CenterLink to the Climate Hazards Center - UC Santa BarbaraLink to KimetricaLink to Chemonics