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Emergency (IPC Phase 4) food outcomes persist in northeast Nigeria

  • Key Message Update
  • West Africa
  • September 2016
Emergency (IPC Phase 4) food outcomes persist in northeast Nigeria

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  • Key Messages
  • Key Messages
    • Emergency (IPC Phase 4) outcomes persist in newly liberated areas and those with active military operations in the States of Adamawa, Borno, and Yobe in northeast Nigeria.  Extreme food deficits continue including critical prevalences of acute malnutrition, which is driving an elevated risk of mortality. Inaccessible areas could be facing worse outcomes.  Limited information on these areas suggest Catastrophe (IPC Phase 5) outcomes for certain households isolated by conflict.

    • Improved humanitarian access and significant improvement of assistance are urgently needed to save lives in these northeastern Nigerian states as well as in neighboring areas of Niger and Chad and in the Central African Republic where Crisis (IPC Phase 3) food insecurity remains.

    • Elsewhere, harvests have begun locally in the Sahel.  The agro-climatic conditions continue to be favorable for the development of late-harvested crops and pasturelands.  The intensification of agricultural activities combined with the spread of harvests is creating income opportunities for poor households.  Nevertheless, floods continue in several areas of Senegal, Nigeria, Mali, Niger and Guinea, impacting crops and food stocks.

    • Food security outcomes are in marked improvement with the beginning of harvests. The majority of households are evolving towards a Minimal (IPC Phase 1) situation following the improvement of their stocks and incomes from seasonal harvest activities.  Nevertheless, in certain agropastoral areas of the Sahel, Stressed (IPC Phase 2) and Crisis (IPC Phase 3) will remain until October harvests.  In Sierra Leone, Stressed (IPC Phase 2) will persist in areas of poor purchasing power.

    • Overall, market supplies remain normal in the region following the new harvests and normal cross-border trade. Nevertheless, insecurity and conflicts are disturbing market functioning in northern Mali and around Lake Chad.  The Naira depreciation continues to keep cereal prices at atypical levels in Nigeria despite the ongoing harvests. This depreciation is also creating unfavorable conditions for livestock flows from the Sahel to Nigeria.

    This Key Message Update provides a high-level analysis of current acute food insecurity conditions and any changes to FEWS NET's latest projection of acute food insecurity outcomes in the specified geography. Learn more here.

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