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The inaccessibility of conflict-affected areas is leading to extreme food insecurity in northeast Nigeria

  • Key Message Update
  • West Africa
  • October 2016
The inaccessibility of conflict-affected areas is leading to extreme food insecurity in northeast Nigeria

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  • Key Messages
  • Key Messages
    • The Cadre Harmonisé analysis in October 2016 indicated that two of the three senatorial zones in Borno State and one in Yobe State are in Emergency (IPC Phase 4) – a more in-depth analysis is necessary to identify the level of food insecurity in the LGAs and IDP camps. Although food consumption, nutrition, and mortality data remain rare in inaccessible areas, available information suggests it is possible that a Famine (IPC Phase 5) is ongoing in these areas.
    • Even though access to certain areas in northeast Nigeria is improving, vast areas in and around the Sambisa Forest, Lake Chad and southern Yobe remain inaccessible to humanitarians. Moreover, the current financing for humanitarian action is still very low. In order to avoid additional losses of human lives, it is imperative to improve access to humanitarian services and to greatly increase emergency food assistance.
    • Elsewhere, harvests are continuing and off-season agricultural activities are intensifying locally in areas where conditions are favorable. These activities, coupled with the sale of new harvests, are creating income opportunities for poor households. Nevertheless, recent locust attacks in Mauritania may constitute a serious threat for off-season and flood recessional crops in this country and neighboring countries.
    • Overall, market supplies continue normally in the region following the new harvests and usual cross-border trade. Nevertheless, civil insecurity continues to disrupt market functioning in northern Mali and around Lake Chad. The Naira depreciation is maintaining food prices at atypical levels in Nigeria despite the ongoing harvests. This is also creating unfavorable conditions for livestock flows from the Sahel and the sale of cash crops towards Nigeria.
    • The majority of areas will remain in Minimal (IPC Phase 1) until May 2017 following the improvement of households stocks and income from seasonal activities. Nevertheless, pockets of Stressed (IPC Phase 2) continue because of poor purchasing power in Sierra Leone, poor rainfall distribution in Mauritania and Niger, and the economic crisis in Chad. In southeastern Niger, western Chad, and in Republic Central African Republic, Crisis (IPC Phase 3) is persisting or will reappear due to civil insecurity.

    This Key Message Update provides a high-level analysis of current acute food insecurity conditions and any changes to FEWS NET's latest projection of acute food insecurity outcomes in the specified geography. Learn more here.

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