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Despite the start of the lean season, there is only a slow increase in market demand

  • Key Message Update
  • West Africa
  • June 2019
Despite the start of the lean season, there is only a slow increase in market demand

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  • Key Messages
  • Key Messages
    • The 2019 rainfall forecasts for the region indicate higher than average rainfall in the Central and Eastern Sahel region. However, they are likely to be average to below-average in the coastal zone of the Gulf of Guinea countries, along the Atlantic seaboard extending from Mauritania to Liberia and around Lake Chad. The AGRHYMET Centre expects a late end to this rainy season in all Sahelian and Sudanese areas, except on the Atlantic coast from southern Mauritania to Liberia where it will end normally.

    • Agricultural land preparation continues as usual in Sudano-Sahelian areas. The pastoral lean season that began early in parts of Mauritania, Senegal and the northern areas of the pastoral zone in Mali, continues although drinking water is beginning to be available. In the Liptako-Gourma region and the greater Lake Chad basin, civil insecurity continues to have a negative impact on livestock movements.

    • Markets remain well supplied with staple foods while demand is experiencing a slight seasonal increase, but well below its usual increase due to large stocks and reduced institutional purchases. Prices remain stable or slightly higher than seasonally normal but remain below last year and the five-year average in most countries. However, they remain atypically high in conflict areas and in the Tibesti region of Chad. Also, the price of rice remains above average in coastal countries due to the depreciation of their currencies and inflation. In the next few months, demand will experience a seasonal increase, but prices will not exceed last year's levels; they will remain near average.

    • Most areas will remain in Minimal (IPC Phase 1) until September 2019. However, Stressed (IPC Phase 2) will affect poor households in southern Chad, the Tahoua region, and southern Tillabéry in Niger, rice growing areas in the Niger Delta and the Timbuktu River Valley in Gao, Mali between June and September due to poor harvests in 2018/19. Stressed (IPC Phase 2!) affects host and internally displaced households in northern Burkina Faso, poor households in southern Mopti and Gao in Mali and the Diffa region of Niger due to low incomes, caused in part by insecurity that disrupts markets as well as the early exhaustion of household stocks in some areas.

    • Crisis (IPC Phase 3) level of food insecurity will continue to affect the Tibesti region, which has had its border closed with Libya, and the Lake Chad region in Chad, the Tillabéry region in Niger, and in CAR and Cameroon until September 2019 due to armed conflicts and/or civil insecurity that significantly disrupt household livelihoods. Households in northeastern Nigeria affected by the Boko Haram conflict continue to depend on humanitarian aid for access to food and remain food insecure. Crisis (IPC Phase 3), and Emergency (IPC Phase 4) food insecurity is continuing in Borno State and incidentally Yobé State. In adjacent areas that remain inaccessible to humanitarian actors, the food situation could be similar or worse.

    This Key Message Update provides a high-level analysis of current acute food insecurity conditions and any changes to FEWS NET's latest projection of acute food insecurity outcomes in the specified geography. Learn more here.

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