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Pastoral conditions are beginning to improve with the regeneration of pastures and water points

  • Key Message Update
  • West Africa
  • June 2018
Pastoral conditions are beginning to improve with the regeneration of pastures and water points

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  • Key Messages
  • Key Messages
    • Markets are well supplied, but at below average levels. Demand remains above average and is increasing in this pre-lean season period with the depletion of household stocks, institutional purchases that are above average, and the growing needs of industries. Staple food prices remain above average and will remain so until the lean season, mostly in consumer markets and deficit areas. Livestock food difficulties and low levels of exports to Nigeria continue to affect livestock / cereals terms of trade to the detriment of pastoralists, although improvements are expected with the Ramadan and Tabaski holidays .

    • For the 2018/19 season, planting started in May in the Sudanian zones and is ongoing in June in the Sahelian zones. Moderate rains expected until the end of June will allow further planting and will create favorable moisture conditions for plant development. There is also regeneration of grass and more arid pastures and surface water points which are gradually reducing livestock feed difficulties.

    • Crisis (IPC Phase 3) level food insecurity will continue to affect central and western Mauritania, and will extend to pastoral areas in northern Mali, the Goundam Lakes area, the Niger Delta, the Western Sahel, and in the pastoral areas of Gao and Timbuktu, parts of the Sahel, Central-North and Eastern Burkina Faso regions due to significant decreases in agricultural and pastoral production, and deterioration of livelihoods that negatively affect the consumption habits of poor households.

    • Until September, Crisis (IPC Phase 3) will continue to affect the Diffa region in Niger and the Lake Chad region as a result of the Boko Haram conflict. After September it will spread to Chad in the areas of Wadi Fira, Kanem, Bar El Gazel, Batha and Hadjer-Lamis where pastoral conditions remain a concern. This phase is also present in CAR because due to armed conflict, and the Far North of Cameroon which impacted by the Boko Haram conflict,  production deficits, and atypical rises in food prices.

    • In Nigeria, despite the general improvement in security conditions and better access for humanitarian workers to conflict-affected populations, the latter will experience acute food insecurity at the Crisis level (IPC Phase 3) in northern Yobe and much of Borno, and Emergency (IPC Phase 4) in the north and east of Borno, and in the outlying areas of the Sambisa Forest (south Borno and Yobe). Food security conditions could be worse in areas that are still inaccessible.

    This Key Message Update provides a high-level analysis of current acute food insecurity conditions and any changes to FEWS NET's latest projection of acute food insecurity outcomes in the specified geography. Learn more here.

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