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Staple food prices continue their seasonal decline, but may remain close to average

  • Key Message Update
  • West Africa
  • January 2019
Staple food prices continue their seasonal decline, but may remain close to average

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  • Key Messages
  • Key Messages
    • The above-average 2018/19 harvests for cereals, pulses and tubers allow for the replenishment of household stocks and the acquisition of income through the sale of part of the harvest. This situation favors acceptable food consumption for the majority of households. The livestock feeding situation remains satisfactory despite early transhumance in eastern Burkina Faso, central Mali (Mopti), western Niger (Tahoua and Tillabéry), western Mauritania and northern Senegal due to low pastureland. Persistent civil insecurity in the Liptako-Gourma and the Lake Chad basin may limit access to pastoral resources.  

    • Market supplies remain satisfactory and are supported by new harvests while demand is seasonally low. Food prices are down compared to previous months and last year. They will continue to evolve according to seasonal trends throughout the 2018/19 marketing year, below last year but close to the average in most countries. Market disruptions with atypical prices persist in the Great Lake Chad Basin, the Tibesti region, northern and central Mali and the Liptako-Gourma region. Livestock markets, particularly for cattle, remain affected in some areas by insecurity and limited export opportunities to Nigeria.

    • Most areas will remain in Minimal (IPC Phase 1) until March 2019. However, Stressed (IPC Phase 2) food insecurity already affects poor households in the northwestern and southwestern regions of Cameroon and will affect displaced households in the north and center of Mali beginning in February, but also poor households in the Segou, Sikasso and Mopti regions who were victims of the 2018 floods, as well as those in the pastoral and agropastoral areas of Niger. 

    • Crisis (IPC Phase 3) food insecurity will continue to affect the Diffa region of Niger due to the Boko Haram conflict and in CAR due to the armed conflict. The same is true in the Tibesti and Lake regions of Chad.  Households in northeastern Nigeria affected by the Boko Haram conflict continue to depend on humanitarian aid for access to food and are facing Crisis (IPC Phase 3) and Emergency (IPC Phase 4). In adjacent areas that remain inaccessible to humanitarian actors, the food situation could be similar or worse.

    This Key Message Update provides a high-level analysis of current acute food insecurity conditions and any changes to FEWS NET's latest projection of acute food insecurity outcomes in the specified geography. Learn more here.

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