Skip to main content

Ongoing insecurity is leading to an increase in IDPs and a decrease in area planted

  • Key Message Update
  • West Africa
  • August 2019
Ongoing insecurity is leading to an increase in IDPs and a decrease in area planted

Download the Report

  • Key Messages
  • Key Messages
    • The continuing rains currently in August are allowing for satisfactory development of crops despite the delayed start of season that was observed in some areas. Overall, these delays in addition to poor spatio-temporal rainfall in many areas, and the decrease in area planted in areas of insecurity/conflict, may have locally reduced agricultural production.  Also, the cumulative rainfall in the first dekad of August, indicates that rainfall deficits are continuing in northern Senegal and western Mauritania. The developmental stages of cereals vary from planting to ripening, and in some cases full maturation in the Sudanian zone. Fall Armyworm infestations, and locusts, are still present in Burkina Faso, Mali, Niger, and Tchad, with some losses noted.

    • Ongoing pasture regeneration and surface water availability significantly reduce livestock feeding difficulties. However, pasture development is considered fair in Mali (Kayes, Koulikoro and Mopti). Livestock feeding remains a concern in western Mauritania and northern Senegal where the lean season started early. In the Liptako-Gourma region and the greater Lake Chad basin, conflict and civil insecurity continue to negatively impact livestock movements and access to resources.

    • Markets are well supplied with local staples and tubers from new harvests in coastal countries. Demand is experiencing a slight seasonal increase, but well below the usual increase. Prices remain below last year and similar to below average in most countries due to good stock levels, implementation of mitigation measures (moderate price sales and targeted free distribution) and low institutional purchases. However, they remain atypically high in conflict areas and in the Tibesti region of Chad, where market flows and operations are disrupted. In the future, supply will remain sufficient and both demand and prices will increase seasonally according to the average trend and at levels not exceeding last year's levels.

    • Most of the region will remain in Minimal (IPC Phase 1) until September 2019 and some will remain in Stressed (IPC Phase 2). However, the persistence of insecurity in northern Burkina Faso, central and northern Mali, western Niger and the Lake Chad basin continues to increase the number of internally displaced persons whose livelihoods continue to deteriorate (inaccessibility to cropland and insufficient humanitarian assistance). This situation is most pronounced in the Sahel and northern Burkina Faso. Stressed food insecurity (IPC Phase 2!) affects host and internally displaced households in the Diffa region of Niger, internally displaced households in the Lake region of Chad, poor households in eastern Mopti and Ménaka in Mali, with the addition of humanitarian food assistance.

    • Crisis (IPC Phase 3) will remain until September in the regions around Lake Chad, Tillabéry region in Niger, Tibesti region in Chad, Sahel region in Burkina Faso, CAR and Cameroon due to armed conflicts and/or civil insecurity that significantly disrupt household livelihoods. Households in northeastern Nigeria affected by the Boko Haram conflict continue to depend on humanitarian aid for access to food and remain food insecure. Crisis (IPC Phase 3), and Emergency (IPC Phase 4) particularly in Borno State and incidentally Yobé State. In adjacent areas that remain inaccessible to humanitarian actors, the food security situation could be similar or worse.

    This Key Message Update provides a high-level analysis of current acute food insecurity conditions and any changes to FEWS NET's latest projection of acute food insecurity outcomes in the specified geography. Learn more here.

    Get the latest food security updates in your inbox Sign up for emails

    The information provided on this Website is not official U.S. Government information and does not represent the views or positions of the U.S. Agency for International Development or the U.S. Government.

    Jump back to top