Skip to main content

Emergency conditions continue in several areas of northeast Nigeria

  • Key Message Update
  • West Africa
  • August 2016
Emergency conditions continue in several areas of northeast Nigeria

Download the Report

  • Key Messages
  • Key Messages
    • In Adamawa, Borno, and Yobe states of northeast Nigeria, extreme food deficits are causing very high acute malnutrition and excessive mortality.  Several areas are currently in Emergency (IPC Phase 4) and there are risks that some households in inaccessible areas could be in Catastrophe (IPC Phase 5).  These outcomes are consistent with the joint CILSS/FEWS NET/FAO/Government evaluation of newly liberated populations in early August 2016 and the updated Cadre Harmonisé (Harmonized Framework) analysis.

    • Improved humanitarian access and significant improvement of assistance are urgently needed to save lives in these northeastern Nigerian states and in the neighboring areas of Niger where Crisis (IPC Phase 3) food insecurity will continue until at least January 2017.

    • In general, regional rainfall continues to be average to above-average with good distribution.  Conditions are favorable overall for crop and pastureland development.  The pastoral lean season has finished in most areas and the intensified agricultural activities are creating income opportunities for poor households. However, flooding observed in several locations including in Niger, Nigeria, and Burkina Faso is causing losses of crops and food stocks.

    • Market supplies will remain normal in the region following farmer and trader destocking given the satisfactory seasonal progress and normal cross-border exchanges. However, insecurity and conflicts continue to disturb market functioning in northern Mali and around Lake Chad. The Naira depreciation is causing significant cereal price increases in Nigeria but in spite of everything, is favorable for cereal exportations to the Sahel yet unfavorable for Sahelian livestock flows to Nigeria.

    • Food security outcomes are overall average to good in the region and favor an average seasonal access to food and income sources in the majority of zones.  Early harvests of maize, tubers, and groundnuts are beginning to be available to households for food and income which will maintain Minimal (IPC Phase 1) food insecurity in general. This will be reinforced with the beginning of harvests in October and be generalized throughout the region until January 2017.

    • Crisis (IPC Phase 3) outcomes impacting poor agro-pastoral performance areas of Sahelian Chad in 2015 and Stressed (IPC Phase 2) conditions impacting Mauritania, Senegal, Mali, Niger, and Chad are dissipating to progressively give way to Minimal (IPC Phase 1) food insecurity in October following the early harvests.

    • In the Ebola-affected countries, conditions continue to be favorable for maintaining Minimal (IPC Phase 1) food insecurity until January 2016.  In Sierra Leone as well, Stressed (IPC Phase 2) will only exist very locally starting in October in areas of persistently poor purchasing power, which is limiting the meeting of non-food essential needs.

    This Key Message Update provides a high-level analysis of current acute food insecurity conditions and any changes to FEWS NET's latest projection of acute food insecurity outcomes in the specified geography. Learn more here.

    Get the latest food security updates in your inbox Sign up for emails

    The information provided on this Website is not official U.S. Government information and does not represent the views or positions of the U.S. Agency for International Development or the U.S. Government.

    Jump back to top