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The depreciation of the Naira contributes to declining food security conditions in northeastern Nigeria

  • Key Message Update
  • West Africa
  • April 2016
The depreciation of the Naira contributes to declining food security conditions in northeastern Nigeria

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  • Key Messages
  • Key Messages
    • The PREGEC/CILSS meeting held in March 2016 in Accra confirmed final 2015/16 cereal production estimates at 64.4 million tons. This is 13 percent above the average and 5 percent above 2014/15 levels. Tuber and cash crop production, key income sources for households, also saw an increase compared to average. However, below-average production was observed and confirmed in Chad, Ghana, and locally in Niger and Nigeria. 

    • The good 2015/16 crop production will enable at least average to above-average access to food and income for households in most agricultural and agropastoral zones. Stable food prices that are near average levels will also contribute to satisfactory food consumption despite a seasonally normal decline in household food stocks. This, along with incomes from seasonally normal activities, will help enable Minimal (IPC Phase 1) acute food insecurity in most areas until the next harvests.  

    • However, in certain pastoral zones, incomes from pastoral production are atypically low. Stressed (IPC Phase 2) food insecurity currently being observed in localized areas will continue until the end of the pastoral lean season (July to September). 

    • In Nigeria, the depreciation of the Naira and the resulting food price increases of more than 50 percent in certain cases compared to last year are adding to the conflict-related disruptions observed in northeast Nigeria and in the Lake Chad basin. These factors will drive Crisis (IPC Phase 3) in Niger, Chad, and northeastern Nigeria through September.  

    • In Guinea, Liberia, and Sierra Leone, the resumption of economic activities after the Ebola outbreak continues despite a small number of new Ebola cases. While this normalization has not been even across all zones, Minimal (IPC Phase 1) food insecurity is expected in most areas due to average to above-average food stocks. However, in Sierra Leone, Stressed (IPC Phase 2) food insecurity will continue until September due to weak purchasing power which is limiting the ability of households to meet basic non-food expenditures.   

    This Key Message Update provides a high-level analysis of current acute food insecurity conditions and any changes to FEWS NET's latest projection of acute food insecurity outcomes in the specified geography. Learn more here.

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