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Below-average cumulative rainfall has affected the progress of the agropastoral season

  • Key Message Update
  • Chad
  • September 2023
Below-average cumulative rainfall has affected the progress of the agropastoral season

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  • Key Messages
  • Key Messages
    • Refugees and returnees have lost their livelihoods due to the Sudanese crisis, resulting in a significant decline in their incomes. Refugees and returnees compete over scarce resources and opportunities with very poor and poor host households in Assongha, Wadi Fira, and Sila provinces, while food assistance is limited. In the Sahara zones (Tibesti, Ennedi West), the resurgence of civil insecurity leads to a decrease in imported and manufactured food products from Libya, while in Ennedi East, the halt in commercial flows from Sudan is accentuating the food consumption deficits of poor and very poor households in these localities. In addition, poor and very poor households in BEG and Kanem, which are mainly market-dependent, are experiencing a food consumption deficit due to the decline in food imports from Libya. As a result, poor households in these provinces are in an acute food insecurity Crisis (IPC Phase 3). In agropastoral and pastoral areas, very poor and poor households have access to early harvest, but the volumes available are still very low. As a result, their food consumption is minimally adequate, and they are in Stress (IPC Phase 2). 
    • A significant delay in the crop development cycle has been reported in agricultural and agropastoral areas due to poor seasonal conditions (long dry spells and below-average rainfall). Crop losses have been reported, as in the case of the Lake Province, where the agricultural technical service reports a decrease of around 10% in planted area. In addition to rainfall disruptions, the occupation of farmland by refugees has led to losses of 300 ha and 200 ha, respectively, in Sila and Assongha.
    • Below-average rainfall coupled with repeated long dry spells during the rainy season led to a deterioration of pastures in the agropastoral and transhumance areas. In Ouadaï, Wadi Fira, and throughout the Sahel (Batha, BEG, and Kanem), pastures have dried up, and water points are partially dry. The body conditions of livestock are severely affected and are below those of a normal year. This caused pastoralists to leave early, at the beginning of September, as opposed to the end of October in a normal year. These movements are mainly directed towards the south of Sila, Salamat, and the south of Guéra. A few herds have already been sighted north of the Moyen Chari. In the Lake region, early returns of pastoralists to island areas in search of pasture have been observed, despite persistent insecurity and rising water levels.
    • Markets in the Sahelian zone are showing a decline in the supply of imported food products, particularly in localities bordering Sudan, due to the cessation of cross-border flows. In the Sudanian zone, the supply of food products was lower than in a normal year during the same period due to disruptions during the rainy season. In the Lake, the increase in flows to other cities, such as N'Djamena, is putting pressure on local demand. A rise in demand is observed in the Sahel West (BEG, Kanem) and, more broadly, in all Sahelian and Saharan markets.  This level of demand is supported by the presence of Sudanese refugees and Chadian returnees in the eastern provinces, the low availability of substitute products, and the low volumes of early harvests. An atypical upward trend in food prices, compared with a normal year and last year, has been reported in various localities across the country.

    Recommended citation: FEWS NET. Chad Key Message Update September 2023: Below-average cumulative rainfall has affected the progress of the agropastoral season, 2023.

    This Key Message Update provides a high-level analysis of current acute food insecurity conditions and any changes to FEWS NET's latest projection of acute food insecurity outcomes in the specified geography. Learn more here.

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