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Flooding exacerbates food insecurity, already deteriorated by COVID – 19, during the lean season

  • Key Message Update
  • Chad
  • September 2020
Flooding exacerbates food insecurity, already deteriorated by COVID – 19, during the lean season

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  • Key Messages
  • Key Messages
    • Above-average cumulative rainfall has caused flooding that affected 3,783 households, or nearly 190,000 people, including 7,000 households in N'Djamena. In response, 56,880 poor and very poor people affected by the COVID- 19 restrictions, as well as flood victims, benefited from 9,480 food kits (50 kg of cereals, 25 kg of Niébé, 10 kg of sugar and 10 liters of oil) distributed by the National Food Security Office (ONASA) in September.

    • Market supplies in deficit areas (Bahr el Gazel (BEG) and Kanem) are being slowed by poor road conditions. This affects the level of supply, where low volumes of merchant stocks are observed. Despite ONASA's moderately priced sales, seasonal humanitarian interventions, and responses to COVID - 19 restrictions, which have limited income for those working in the informal sector in particular, demand remains on the rise due to depletion of household stocks.

    • In most of the country's provinces, household food consumption remains limited despite the availability of early crops and milk availability, due to low stock levels and limited access to markets, which is normal for the end of the lean season. The erosion of income (labor, sales of livestock and agricultural products, transfers, etc.) caused by COVID-19 continues to disrupt household livelihoods. 

    • The agropastoral campaign is proceeding normally with crop prospects estimated near average. In the Sudanian zone, crops are at the flowering and heading stage for cereal crops. Groundnuts are at the pod formation stage. The pastoral situation remains favorable due to good availability of pasture and water. This is improving livestock body conditions, resulting in a good availability of milk, which contributes to improved food consumption for pastoral households.

    • Poor households in Tibesti, Kanem, and BEG continue to be in Crisis (IPC Phase 3) in the last month of the lean season. In Lac, displaced people remain in Stressed (IPC Phase 2!) thanks to food assistance. Much of the rest of the country will remain in Stressed (IPC Phase 2) until the end of the year due to the effects of COVID-19 on livelihoods and incomes.

    This Key Message Update provides a high-level analysis of current acute food insecurity conditions and any changes to FEWS NET's latest projection of acute food insecurity outcomes in the specified geography. Learn more here.

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