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In the Sahel, food consumption deficit is exacerbated by declining harvests and atypical food price increases

  • Key Message Update
  • Chad
  • November 2023
In the Sahel, food consumption deficit is exacerbated by declining harvests and atypical food price increases

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  • Key Messages
  • Key Messages
    • Food consumption by IDPs and host households in the Lake Chad Province is deteriorating due to limited food access resulting from low production levels and persistent civil insecurity.  In the western Sahel (Barh El Gazel, Kanem), very poor and poor households are facing significant consumption deficits due to low volumes of replenished stocks. In Tibesti, this is exacerbated by disruptions to inflows from Libya, limiting the availability of imported food products, and upward trends in food prices. Households in these areas are unable to meet their basic consumption needs without using crisis coping strategies; as a result, they are in an acute food insecurity Crisis (IPC Phase 3).
    • As of November 2023, Chad registered more than 550,407 people, including Sudanese refugees (451,894) and Chadian returnees (98,513), in the host provinces in the east of the country (UNHCR). The influx of refugees and returnees continues to exert pressure on the livelihoods and low cereal stocks of host households, which already face low agricultural production. Thus, significant food consumption deficits of refugees, returnees and host households are observed in the east of the country (Ouaddai, Sila, Wadi Fira). Most of them are in an acute food insecurity Crisis (IPC Phase 3), but there are some households that use emergency coping strategies due to significant food deficits resulting from severe degradation of livelihoods. Therefore, food assistance needs were high, but the availability remained insufficient due to the low mobilization of funding from humanitarian organizations.
    • In the Sahel, rainfall disruptions have led to a decline in agricultural production, degrading the livelihoods of the very poor and poor households. The deterioration of the pastoral situation due to these disruptions has led to a massive and early departure of transhumant herders from the beginning of September instead of the end of October in a normal year. This has led to a massive presence of pastoralists in the Sudanian zone, particularly in the Moyen Chari and Mandoul regions, in search of water and pasture. Pastoral overload has been reported in these areas, with regular clashes between farmers and herders.
    • Atypical price rises, compared to the five-year average, were observed in most food markets in the country, in contrast to this period, which was expected to be marked by decreases thanks to the harvests. These price increases are due to low agricultural production, disruptions to incoming flows of imported food products, and high transport costs. In the Sahel and in the refugee-hosting areas of Ouaddaï, Sila and Wadi Fira, these varying price rises are exacerbated by the presence of refugees and returnees. In early November, millet prices in Abéché (Ouaddaï) and Bol (Lac) reported atypical price rises ranging from 42 to 50 percent compared with the five-year average. An intensification of livestock export flows to Nigeria via Cameroon is reinforcing slight price increases for small ruminants in N'Djaména, and in localities bordering Cameroon, notably in Mayo Kebbi.

    Recommended citation: FEWS NET. Chad Key Message Update November 2023: In the Sahel, food consumption deficit is exacerbated by declining harvests and atypical food price increases, 2023.

    This Key Message Update provides a high-level analysis of current acute food insecurity conditions and any changes to FEWS NET's latest projection of acute food insecurity outcomes in the specified geography. Learn more here.

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