Skip to main content

Cereal production is 6 percent below the five year average

  • Key Message Update
  • Chad
  • November 2021
Cereal production is 6 percent below the five year average

Download the Report

  • Key Messages
  • Key Messages
    • As a result of dry spells during the rainy season, national cereal production is down 6.3 percent from the five-year average. The largest deficits are recorded for maize (-12.8 percent) and millet / rice (-8.2 percent). Additionally, deficits are greater in the Sahel (-20.2 percent) than in the Sudanian zone (-4 percent). The drop in production is more pronounced in BEG, Kanem and Lac regions. Household cereal stocks are below normal in most areas of the country.

    • The economic crisis of 2014 - 2016 resulting in a drop in oil prices, the negative impacts of measures against COVID-19 and insecurity in Lac and along the Chad-Libyan borders, coupled with poor agricultural production, have disrupted most the livelihoods (employment opportunity, money transfers, sales of small ruminants and forest products, migration, etc.) of very poor and poor households. Households in Sahelian zones are more severely affected compared to the rest of the country due to the significantly below average production registered in the region.

    • Supply of staple foods is slightly below average in the Sahelian zone and is normal in the Sudanian zone. Despite the post-harvest period, demand for cereals is increasing atypically on the Sahelian and Saharan markets. An atypical increase in cereal flows to Borkou and Tibesti, replacing the decreases in cross-border flows of manufactured products (pasta, imported rice) is observed. Millet prices have increased significantly compared to the five-year average in Biltine (12 percent), Massakory (40 percent) and Moussoro (31 percent) due to atypically high demand.

    • In the Lac region, IDPs and host households face consumption deficits due to low production coupled with insecurity which disrupts the typical sources of food and household income. They are then unable to meet their food needs and face Crisis  (IPC Phase 3) outcomes. In the Sahel and in part of the Sudanian zone (Logone Occidental, Mayo Kebbi Ouest), households are unable to meet their non-food needs and are facing Stressed (IPC Phase 2) outcomes. Thanks to relatively average production, the other provinces of the country are facing Minimal (IPC Phase 1) food insecurity.

    This Key Message Update provides a high-level analysis of current acute food insecurity conditions and any changes to FEWS NET's latest projection of acute food insecurity outcomes in the specified geography. Learn more here.

    Get the latest food security updates in your inbox Sign up for emails

    The information provided on this Website is not official U.S. Government information and does not represent the views or positions of the U.S. Agency for International Development or the U.S. Government.

    Jump back to top