Key Message Update

National cereal production slightly above the five-year average

November 2019

November 2019 - January 2020

Le Tibesti est en phase 2 et le Lac est en phase 2 grâce à l'assistance alimentaire. Le Moyen Chari est en phase 1 grâce à l'assistance alimentaire.

February - May 2020

Le Tibesti est en phase 2 et le Lac est en phase 2 grâce à l'assistance alimentaire. Le Moyen Chari est en phase 1 grâce à l'assistance alimentaire. Le Kanem et le Bahr-el-Gazal sont en phase 2.

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Would likely be at least one phase worse without current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Would likely be at least one phase worse without current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

Presence countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Remote monitoring
countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

Key Messages

  • The household food situation in Tibesti is stabilizing thanks to recent negotiations; the area is currently facing Stressed (IPC Phase 2) food security outcomes. The food insecurity of displaced people in Lake Chad is under stress thanks to assistance. In both areas, conflicts and low levels of food availability limit sources of income and food.

  • The food situation has improved throughout the country thanks to income from agricultural labor, current harvests, wild vegetables, picking products and milk availability. The majority of areas are in Minimum Acute Food Insecurity (IPC Phase 1) until May 2020, with the exception of conflict-affected Lake and Tibesti which will be in Stress (IPC Phase 2).

  • Provisional cereal production is 2,762,745 tons, 7.4 percentage points higher than the five-year average, and slightly lower than last year (-1.8 percent). Kanem, Bahr-el-Gazal, Hadjer-Lamis and Logone Oriental have deficits of 9 percent, 10.7 percent, 23.4 percent, and 2 percent, respectively, compared to the five-year average.

  • Markets are well supplied with agricultural products (cereals, tubers, legumes, etc.) thanks to ongoing rainfed crops and good levels of residual merchant stocks. On the other hand, the disturbance of market flows conflict areas (Lake and Tibesti) persists. In Tibesti, imports (pasta, wheat flour, rice, oil and sugar) remain down, limiting supply on the markets.

About FEWS NET

The Famine Early Warning Systems Network is a leading provider of early warning and analysis on food insecurity. Created by USAID in 1985 to help decision-makers plan for humanitarian crises, FEWS NET provides evidence-based analysis on approximately 30 countries. Implementing team members include NASA, NOAA, USDA, USGS, and CHC-UCSB, along with Chemonics International Inc. and Kimetrica.
Learn more About Us.

Link to United States Agency for International Development (USAID)Link to the United States Geological Survey's (USGS) FEWS NET Data PortalLink to U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA)
Link to National Aeronautics and Space Administration's (NASA) Earth ObservatoryLink to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's (NOAA) National Weather Service, Climage Prediction CenterLink to the Climate Hazards Center - UC Santa BarbaraLink to KimetricaLink to Chemonics