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Food security improves thanks to good agro-pastoral cycle

  • Key Message Update
  • Chad
  • November 2018
Food security improves thanks to good agro-pastoral cycle

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  • Key Messages
  • Key Messages
    • Cereal production for the 2018-19 season is estimated at 3,003,362 tons, an increase of 12 percent compared to the five-year average. However, some southern regions (Moyen-Chari, Mandoul, Logones Oriental / Occidental and Tandjilé) recorded deficits of 4 to 13 percent due to dry spells and the early end of the rainy season. Most of the country is Minimally (IPC, Phase 1) food insecure.

    • The general pastoral conditions are good and the animal body conditions are at a satisfactory level. A massive return of transhumant population is observed. They are currently heading towards the Ouaddai (Biteha) zone and continue south as in a normal year. These massive movements could cause conflicts as well as damage to crops that are slow to be harvested.

    • The results of the September 2018 SMART survey indicate that the prevalence of Global Acute Malnutrition (GAM) at the national level is 13.9%, which is above the WHO alert threshold of 10%. Half of the country's regions, particularly in the Sahelian zone, have higher levels. Kanem has the highest rate (25%) due to the prevalence of disease.

    • The food situation is precarious in Tibesti as well as in the Lake region due to the delicate security context that is characterized by the disruption of the household livelihoods (decrease/lack of income, difficult access to the market and food, etc.) from local and cross-border markets and flows. Households are in Crisis (IPC, Phase 3) or Stress (IPC, Phase 2!) thanks to humanitarian assistance.

    This Key Message Update provides a high-level analysis of current acute food insecurity conditions and any changes to FEWS NET's latest projection of acute food insecurity outcomes in the specified geography. Learn more here.

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