Key Message Update

Food security continues to deteriorate as a result of COVID-19 measures

May 2020

May 2020

Résultats de la sécurité alimentaire estimés plus probables de la sécurité alimentaire, avril à mai 2020: La plupart du pays est en Minimal (Phase 1 de l'IPC) sauf que Tibesti, Borkou, Kanem, Barh el Gazel,Cheri-Baguimi, Mayo-Kebbi, et Logone Occidental qui sont en Stress (Phase 2 de l'IPC), et Lac qui est en Stresse (Phase 2! de l'IPC)

June - September 2020

Résultats de la sécurité alimentaire estimés plus probables de la sécurité alimentaire, avril à mai 2020: La plupart du pays est en Minimal (Phase 1 de l'IPC) sauf que Tibesti, Borkou, Kanem, Barh el Gazel,Cheri-Baguimi, Mayo-Kebbi, et Logone Occidental qui sont en Stress (Phase 2 de l'IPC), et Lac qui est en Stresse (Phase 2! de l'IPC)

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Would likely be at least one phase worse without current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Would likely be at least one phase worse without current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

Presence countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Remote monitoring
countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

Key Messages

  • The COVID-19 pandemic, with more than 700 cases and some 60 deaths recorded since March 2020 in Chad, has had a significant impact on people's livelihoods as a result of government measures such as a ban on movement between different cities and curfews. As a result, the food situation of urban and rural households continues to deteriorate due to the loss of purchasing power which increasingly limits their access to food.

  • The grain supply is currently mostly provided by merchant stocks due to low supplies as a result of traffic restrictions. Despite Ramadan, overall demand is down due to low household incomes. Prices are on a downward trend compared to the five-year average, except for millet in Abdi (+24 percent) and Moussoro (+42 percent) due to an atypical increase in demand caused, respectively, by inter-community conflicts, and lower volumes of flows that reduce supply on the markets.

  • The easing of certain trade restrictions such as the opening of markets and the resumption of minibus and taxi traffic, decided by the government on 19 May 2020, will boost socio-economic activities in the different livelihood zones. However, limited employment opportunities coupled with limited remittances continue to affect household purchasing power. As a result, market demand remains limited.

  • Agropastoral livelihoods have been disrupted by government measures to combat COVID-19. The lockdown that began in early May 2020 that prohibited the movement of people to and from urban areas is disrupting the start of agricultural activities in some localities. In Bongor, the movement of producers to agricultural areas is limited. In the Sahel, the functioning of livestock markets is limited due to the ban on gatherings, which also leads to below-average livestock prices.

About FEWS NET

The Famine Early Warning Systems Network is a leading provider of early warning and analysis on food insecurity. Created by USAID in 1985 to help decision-makers plan for humanitarian crises, FEWS NET provides evidence-based analysis on approximately 30 countries. Implementing team members include NASA, NOAA, USDA, USGS, and CHC-UCSB, along with Chemonics International Inc. and Kimetrica.
Learn more About Us.

Link to United States Agency for International Development (USAID)Link to the United States Geological Survey's (USGS) FEWS NET Data PortalLink to U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA)
Link to National Aeronautics and Space Administration's (NASA) Earth ObservatoryLink to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's (NOAA) National Weather Service, Climage Prediction CenterLink to the Climate Hazards Center - UC Santa BarbaraLink to KimetricaLink to Chemonics