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Crisis (IPC Phase 3) acute food insecurity persists in the Sahelian zone

  • Key Message Update
  • Chad
  • May 2016
Crisis (IPC Phase 3) acute food insecurity persists in the Sahelian zone

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  • Key Messages
  • Key Messages
    • Given the below-average 2015 cereal production, the early stock depletion, the elevated level of cereal prices, and the deterioration of sheep/cereal terms of trade, certain Sahelian departments, notably Southern Kanem, Southern Garh el Gazel, Batha, Guera, Batha West, Sila and Wadi Fira are and will remain in Crisis (IPC Phase 3) until September. Other areas in the Sudanian zone will be in Stressed (IPC Phase 2) until September.

    • The pastoral situation remains deteriorated in all the regions, particularly in Kanem, Barh el Gazel, Wadi Fira, Guera and Batha where pastoral wells are saturated and ground water level is diminishing after the poor retention of rain.  The rarity of pastures is causing poor physical conditions of livestock and a decline in livestock prices. Accordingly, pastoral households’ revenue is decreasing, creating consumption deficits. In the Sudanian zone, the pastoral situation is improving slightly with the greenery.

    • The agricultural situation is characterized by an early start of the rainy season by 1-2 dekads in the Sudanian zone. For example, at Sarh in Moyen-Chari, the total rainfall up to May 15th, 2016 was 142.2mm in 13 rainy days compared to 51.8mm in 6 rain days at the same point in 2015. In the two Logones, planting and the clearing of fields is continuing. In the Sahelian zone, field preparation work dominates currently.

    • In April 2016, the government prolonged the state of emergency in the Lac Region due to Boko Haram insecurity. The conflict has disrupted the volume and flow of local and cross-border exchanges causing high transportation costs. The temporary closure of certain markets has created shortages and increased food prices, which is maintaining poor households, the most dependent normally on markets given the early stock depletion, in Crisis (IPC Phase 3).

    • ONASA’s subsidized sale in April and imported food products from Libya have stabilized slightly the prices in certain regions.  Cereal prices (millet, sorghum, maize, and rice) are marginally higher than the five-year average in the majority of Sahelian markets and stable in the Sudanian zone. This stability of cereal prices and the good level of market supplies given ONASA’s intervention maintain certain zones in Minimal (IPC Phase 1).


      For more detailed analysis, see the Food Security Outlook for February to September 2016.

    This Key Message Update provides a high-level analysis of current acute food insecurity conditions and any changes to FEWS NET's latest projection of acute food insecurity outcomes in the specified geography. Learn more here.

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