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The food situation is deteriorating in the Sahelian zone due to early lean seasons

  • Key Message Update
  • Chad
  • March 2016
The food situation is deteriorating in the Sahelian zone due to early lean seasons

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  • Key Messages
  • Key Messages
    • Finalized national cereal production figures are 9 percent below average. The most affected regions are in the Sahel: Wadi Fira (-57 percent), Kanem (-54 percent), Batha (-53 percent), BEG (-27 percent), Guera (-26 percent), and Sila (-24 percent). Following early depletion of stocks, certain Sahelian departments will be in Crisis (IPC Phase 3) until September. Certain Sudanian regions that have also been affected will be in Stress (IPC Phase 2) in September.

    • In the Sahelian zone, pastoral and agricultural lean seasons have begun early in the end of February/beginning of March instead of April and June respectively in a normal year. Agricultural households are also experiencing early depletion of their stocks (March instead of June). Livestock are traveling long distances to access pastureland and water, degrading their physical conditions. Accordingly, revenues of pastoral households are decreasing, which is causing consumption deficits.

    • Poor households in the northern departments of Kanem, BEG, and Batha, which are in the transhumance zone, currently have limited food access that will persist until June. However, food availability will improve with green harvests in August/September and wild foods growing near “ouadis” (wetland areas). Additionally, milk availability will improve food consumption, and these areas will be in Minimal (IPC Phase 1) outcomes starting in July.

    • The poor 2015 rainfall and inferior levels of pasturelands in the Biltine and Dar Tama Departments (Wadi Fira) have caused early stock depletion (end of March instead of April) and decreased revenues from livestock sales. Households are becoming market-dependent and face slight price increases. Consequently, these households have limited food consumption and are in Stress (IPC Phase 2).

    • Cereal prices (millet, sorghum, and rice), except for maize, are stable compared to the five-year average in the majority of markets. Despite a below-average national production, good levels of residual stocks and importations of rice and wheat flour are maintaining food availability at an adequate level, with the exception of areas in Crisis (IPC Phase 3). This is sustaining the majority of zones in Minimal (IPC Phase 1) food insecurity.

    For more detailed analysis, see the Food Security Outlook for February – September 2016.

    This Key Message Update provides a high-level analysis of current acute food insecurity conditions and any changes to FEWS NET's latest projection of acute food insecurity outcomes in the specified geography. Learn more here.

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