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Prolonged dry spells disrupt agropastoral season

  • Key Message Update
  • Chad
  • July 2023
Prolonged dry spells disrupt agropastoral season

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  • Key Messages
  • Key Messages
    • The food situation of Sudanese refugees, Chadian returnees and host households is deteriorating due to insufficient humanitarian assistance because of delayed funding, pressure on livelihoods, despite developed coping strategies. They cannot meet their consumption needs and face consumption deficits such as displaced and host households in the Lac province. In the BEG, Kanem, Tibesti, and Ennedi West, the depletion of cereal stocks and the deterioration of household purchasing power in the face of rising cereal prices limit their food access to markets and result in consumption deficits in addition to these factors, the halting of Sudan’s inflows exacerbates food insecurity in Ennedi Est. These provinces are in Crisis (IPC Phase 3).  Very poor and poor households in most areas of the country would have a minimum food consumption adequacy; they are in Stressed (IPC Phase 2)

    • The agricultural season is being disrupted by long dry spells lasting 10 to 15 days in agricultural areas in the south of the country. These disruptions have resulted in delays in sowing, crop wilting and the massive appearance of weeds in agricultural perimeters. The late installation of the season results in a shift in agricultural work in agropastoral areas where ploughing and dry sowing are observed.

    • Supply in food markets is below normal due to high transportation costs limiting supply volumes. In the east of the country (Ouaddai, Wadi Fira and Sila), the halting of inward flows of imported products continues to maintain an increase in cereal demand. As a result of this pressure from refugees and returnees, prices are significantly higher than the five-year average; sorghum shows a price increase of 33% compared to the five-year average in the three provinces (Ouaddai, Wadi Fira and Sila) in June 2023.

    • In agropastoral areas and at the borders of the transhumance area, the pastoral situation remains precarious; an extension of the lean season is observed due to the long and repetitive dry spells that slow down the return of pastoralists to their home areas. Despite animal supplementation with feed and meal, the body condition of the animals is less than a normal year due to the high cost of feed.

    • Chad hosted 329 177 refugees and Chadian returnees on July 23, 2023, of whom more than 80 percent are in Ouaddai (UNHCR). Food assistance covered 282,399 Sudanese refugees and Chadian returnees in July (UNHCR). More than 9,000 of the host households received assistance for one month in July in Ouaddai. In Sila, 20, 000 people are planned, of whom 5,607 received assistance in July.

    Recommended citation: FEWS NET. Chad Key Messages July 2023: Prolonged dry spells disrupt agropastoral season. 2023

    This Key Message Update provides a high-level analysis of current acute food insecurity conditions and any changes to FEWS NET's latest projection of acute food insecurity outcomes in the specified geography. Learn more here.

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