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Intercommunal conflict is exacerbating food insecurity outcomes in the South and East

  • Key Message Update
  • Chad
  • January 2022
Intercommunal conflict is exacerbating food insecurity outcomes in the South and East

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  • Key Messages
  • Key Messages
    • A resurgence of conflicts between farmers and herders, linked to the control of resources (pastoral and agricultural areas) as a result of the strong presence of transhumants and pastoralists who have returned from the Central African Republic is reported in the Sudanian zone. In Abéché, inter-community clashes between Arabs and Ouaddaïans , on January 23, disrupted the city's markets and led the provincial administration to set up a night curfew, suspend telephone communications and ban the circulation of motorcycle taxis.

    • Despite the average supply of cereals, the atypical decline in household stocks is putting upward pressure on the markets. A price increase of 25-36 percent compared to the five-year average is observed in millet prices in Abéché, Moundou and Sarh following above average household demand. The prices of cash crops (sesame, peanuts) follow the same trend due to export demand as well as imported rice. Faced with this upward trend in food prices, the government banned the export of cereals in January. An increase of 25 percent compared to normal is reported on the price of bread in Moundou and Sarh following the increase in the price of raw materials.

    • Pastoral resources are lower than a normal year in the Western Sahel and in the transhumance zone. There remains a residual poor herbaceous cover and an early depletion of water points. In BEG and Kanem, herds travel great distances between pastures and watering points. In Wadi Fira, animal supplementation is ensured by aerial grazing consumed by small ruminants, while in Ouaddaï, it is the residues of berbéré harvests that animals consume.

    • The persistence of insecurity with its corollary of population movements continues to disrupt the livelihoods of displaced persons and host households in the Lac region, they are facing consumption deficits and are facing Crisis (IPC Phase 3) outcomes. As a result of low cereal stocks coupled with low incomes limiting access to markets, most very poor and poor households in the Sahelian and central areas (Guéra, Hadjer Lamis) are unable to meet their non-food needs and are facing Stressed (IPC Phase 2) outcomes. Households in the Sudanian zone are in Minimal (IPC Phase 1) despite the low levels of household cereal stocks.

    This Key Message Update provides a high-level analysis of current acute food insecurity conditions and any changes to FEWS NET's latest projection of acute food insecurity outcomes in the specified geography. Learn more here.

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