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The continuing security situation causes reduced food access

  • Remote Monitoring Report
  • Central African Republic
  • November 2015
The continuing security situation causes reduced food access

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  • Key Messages
  • Key Messages
    • Following the capital of Bangui, the security concerns have engulfed the Center and North regions and caused a sudden surge in the number of displaced people, estimated around 400,000 people in November 2015 compared to 300,000 to 370,000 between January and July 2015. The majority are now in camps in Bangui, Ouaka, Basse Kotto, and Mbomou and suffer from a limited access to food and humanitarian assistance given the recent escalation of violence hampering humanitarian actors.

    • According to the Early Warning and Food Security Monitoring bulletin, the hydraulic conditions have been favorable for normal crop development and an average manioc production is expected. Nevertheless, the production for maize, sesame, and groundnuts are estimated to be lower overall given the insecurity which has limited access to fields and sparked the abandon of agriculture for 43 percent of households according to the preliminary results of EFSA (WFP/FAO/Government survey in September 2015). Following this decline in production, revenues from agriculture sales and labor will also be reduced.

    • The market situation is characterized by a regular supply and price stability of manioc and maize according to WFP’s Early Warning and Food Security Monitoring. In contrast, the prices of sesame and groundnuts have shown strong variations between markets, confirming their production declines and the security constraints which limit trade flows and demand. According to the preliminary EFSA results, 61 percent of interviewed traders indicated that the number of clients has drastically diminished in the past year.

    • The displaced or recently returned people who lost their agriculture production and livelihoods and have a reduced access to humanitarian assistance are the most vulnerable. These households combined with host families of displaced people (around 34 percent of households according to the preliminary EFSA results) will be in a situation of food deficits and consequently in Crisis (IPC Phase 3) acute food insecurity until at least March 2016. These households are principally located in the departments of Ouham, Ouaka, Nana-Grizibi, Bamingui-Bangoran, Haute Kotto, Kémo, Nana-Mambéré, and Bangui. 

      For more detailed analysis, see the Remote Monitoring Update for October 2015.

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    In remote monitoring, a coordinator typically works from a nearby regional office. Relying on partners for data, the coordinator uses scenario development to conduct analysis and produce monthly reports. As less data may be available, remote monitoring reports may have less detail than those from countries with FEWS NET offices. Learn more about our work here.

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