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Below-average harvests and high food prices are leading to Crisis (IPC Phase 3) in insecure areas

  • Key Message Update
  • Central African Republic
  • November 2023
Below-average harvests and high food prices are leading to Crisis (IPC Phase 3) in insecure areas

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  • Key Messages
  • Key Messages
    • In November, the cassava, sweet potato, millet, and rice harvests continue in several localities. However, production is likely to remain below average in severely conflict-affected areas due to reduced household access to their fields. The poorest households whose livelihood assets have been severely undermined by several years of conflict are exposed to either Stressed (IPC Phase 2) or Crisis (IPC Phase 3) outcomes. In more secure areas, households have improved access to home-grown crops and are likely to experience Minimal (IPC Phase 1) outcomes; the poorest households in these areas are likely to be Stressed (IPC Phase 2) and will struggle to meet their essential non-food needs amidst persistently high food prices. 
    • Market food prices remain high, with more pronounced price increases in conflict-affected areas. In almost all the markets monitored by the WFP, prices for staple products (maize, manioc, rice) in October were higher than the five-year average. Manioc price increases ranged from 25 percent in Ndélé to 76 percent in Obo. Maize price increases ranged from 21 percent in Bangui to 75 percent in Bria. Rice increases ranged from 30 percent in Bangui to 130 percent in Obo.  
    • Since the beginning of November 2023, a series of floods have occurred in the south of the country, following torrential rains which caused the Oubangui River to overflow its banks. The flooding affected several districts of the capital, Bangui, as well as the prefectures along the Oubangui River, notably Basse-Kotto, Mbomou (Gambo and Ouango prefectures), and Haut-Mbomou. The floods caused significant material damage and loss of life. Victims and damage are currently being assessed, and national authorities and humanitarian organizations are mobilizing to assist the affected population. 
    • Significant progress to restore security has been made, but some armed groups that refuse to disarm continue to drive insecurity in certain areas, notably in the northern and eastern border regions; for example, the Coalition of Patriots for Change (CPC), which claimed responsibility for two deadly attacks against the army in October 2023. These sporadic attacks are disrupting local livelihoods, particularly in the prefectures of Haute-Kotto, Haut-Mbomou, Vakaga, and Ouham. However, the mandate of the United Nations Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in the Central African Republic (MINUSCA) has been extended by the UN Security Council until November 15, 2024, and it is to be hoped that this extension will enable the Mission to continue protecting civilians and securing all areas.

    Recommended citation: FEWS NET. Central African Republic Key Message Update November 2023: Below-average harvests and high food prices are leading to Crisis (IPC Phase 3) in insecure areas, 2023.

    This Key Message Update provides a high-level analysis of current acute food insecurity conditions and any changes to FEWS NET's latest projection of acute food insecurity outcomes in the specified geography. Learn more here.

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