Key Message Update

Staple food prices remain high during the main harvesting period

November 2019

November 2019 - January 2020

February - May 2020

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Would likely be at least one phase worse without current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET classification is IPC-compatible. IPC-compatible analysis follows key IPC protocols but does not necessarily reflect the consensus of national food security partners.
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

IPC v3.0 Acute Food Insecurity Phase

Presence countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3: Crisis
4: Emergency
5: Famine
Remote monitoring
countries:
1: Minimal
2: Stressed
3+: Crisis or higher
Would likely be at least one phase worse without
current or programmed humanitarian assistance
FEWS NET Remote Monitoring countries use a colored outline to represent the highest IPC classification in areas of concern.

Key Messages

  • In November, intermittent conflict, low agricultural production, and high staple food prices continue to limit food access and lead to Crisis (IPC Phase 3) outcomes in prefectures in the east and northeast. Clashes between armed groups in October – in Amdafok of Vakaga and in Bambouti of Haut-Mbomou – have led to the displacement of populations near Bria. These events have led to an increase in humanitarian food assistance needs for displaced populations sheltering in Haute-Kotto and Haut-Mbomou, where internally displaced persons (IDPs) already account for 106 percent and 69 percent of previous prefecture-level population estimates, respectively. Access to humanitarian food assistance remains low in Haute-Kotto, Basse-Kotto, Mbomou, and Haute-Mbomou. However, access to food assistance reached 12,665 people located in IDP sites and host communities in October in Vakaga, which is equivalent to 19 percent of the estimated population in Vakaga.

  • After above-average rainfall led to flooding along the Oubangui and Ouaka rivers in October, rainfall has generally returned to normal, minimal levels in November. However, at least 57,000 people in flood-affected localities are currently dependent on humanitarian food assistance and market food purchases given that the floods damaged crops in the fields and spoiled household food stocks. Food assistance – consisting of a 20-day ration and energy biscuits – has reached 4,629 and 1,175 flood-affected people in the prefectures of Bangui and Lobaye, respectively.  

  • In other parts of the country, the end of the rainy season is generally facilitating drying and storage of the main harvest, which is beginning to improve food availability at the household level. Market supply of staple foods is also improving, but the price of staple foods remains high due to the transportation and marketing costs imposed by illicit taxes, damage to road infrastructure, and ambushes by armed groups. In November, the price of a bowl of maize or cassava ranged from 25 to 50 percent above the November 2018 average across key urban reference markets.

About FEWS NET

The Famine Early Warning Systems Network is a leading provider of early warning and analysis on food insecurity. Created by USAID in 1985 to help decision-makers plan for humanitarian crises, FEWS NET provides evidence-based analysis on some 28 countries. Implementing team members include NASA, NOAA, USDA, and USGS, along with Chemonics International Inc. and Kimetrica. Read more about our work.

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