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Humanitarian access seasonally deteriorates as lean season begins in the south

  • Key Message Update
  • Central African Republic
  • May 2024
Humanitarian access seasonally deteriorates as lean season begins in the south

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  • Key Messages
  • Key Messages
    • The presence of large numbers of forcibly displaced people continues to be one of the major challenges to food security in CAR. In addition to the growing number of IDPs (estimated at around 521,857 on March 31, 2024), Sudanese refugees continue to arrive at the country's northeastern border. Their number on May 31, 2024, was estimated at 30,108, including 8,482 new arrivals in 2024. There are also a large number of Chadian refugees, estimated at 38,000, concentrated in the Lim-Pendé and Ouham prefectures in the northwest. These displaced people, who depend in part on humanitarian assistance, are at risk of losing access to support due to the onset of the rainy season, which degrades road conditions and limits access to assistance in landlocked areas. Faced with high food prices and minimal income-generating opportunities, displaced households and some poor households risk are expected to face Crisis (IPC Phase 3) outcomes.
    • The lean season begins in May in the south of the country. Farming households are busy preparing plots for cultivation and sowing maize, groundnuts, beans, and rainfed rice. However, food reserves are seasonally low, and households are having to buy more of their food from the markets, where prices are above average and reaching seasonal peaks. Many poor households are unable to cover their food and non-food needs without resorting to negative coping strategies such as reducing expenditures on medicines and education or reducing meal sizes. These households are facing Stressed (IPC Phase 2) outcomes or worse.
    • The supply of basic foodstuffs from neighboring countries such as the Democratic Republic of Congo and the Republic of Congo-Brazzaville has temporarily decreased after the sinking of a boat on April 19, which resulted in the loss of nearly 70 lives. Following this tragic incident, the government issued a decree temporarily suspending river activities on some of the country's waterways. This suspension, which was lifted at the end of May, disrupted the supply of Congolese consumer products such as manioc, palm oil, and smoked fish to the city of Bangui. However, markets were still supplied with goods from Cameroon and Chad.

    Recommended citation: FEWS NET. Central African Republic Key Message Update May 2024: Humanitarian access seasonally deteriorates as lean season begins in the south, 2024.

    This Key Message Update provides a high-level analysis of current acute food insecurity conditions and any changes to FEWS NET's latest projection of acute food insecurity outcomes in the specified geography. Learn more here.

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